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The Aztecs, or Mexica as they called themselves, were the elite of a militaristic empire centered at Central Mexico when the Spanish conquistadores landed in America at the beginning of the 16th century. See the fact file below for more information about the Aztec civilization.
- Aztec” refers exclusively to the people of Tenochtitlan. This city was located on an island in Lake Texcoco . The first ruler was Acamapichtli (1376-1396). He guided early construction of the city. The last and 11th ruler, Cuauhtemoc (1520-1525), who was governing when the Spanish destroyed Tenochtitlan and the Aztec empire ended.
- Several types of money were in regular use; small purchases were made with cacao beans and larger purchases were made with cotton cloth called quachtli.
- Parents taught children responsibility, citizenship, and life-skills – harsh punishments were handed out if child disobeyed – children of noble class attended calmecac (school) and the workers’ children attended telpochcalli and were taught occupational skills, warfare, history, good citizenship, religion but girls were trained for marriage.
- Maize (yellow corn) was main food source along with avocados, tomatoes, tamales, tortillas, vegetables, meat, corn, chili peppers, squash, and chocolate.
- Children played tlachtli – a ball game for teams much like a combination of basketball and soccer and patolli – a gambling game played with dried beans and pebbles.
- Harsh laws maintained order where the emperor would act as judge and the citizens would act as the jury.
- N’ahuatl is a system of hundreds of pictures that created an alphabet and scribes and priests were the only ones who could write.
- War was a big part of the culture and all boys were trained to fight.
- Aztecs used two different calendars, one measured time, while the other was used to fix religious festivals.
- Religion was very important part of Aztec life and music was a huge part of religious ceremonies (and story-telling) – the instruments theyused were shells, rattles, whistles, horns, bells and drums.
List of Aztec Gods
(having many gods and goddesses is called polytheastic)
Chalchiuhtlicue – goddess of the lakes and streams
Chantico – goddess of the hearth
Chicomecoatl – goddess of maize
Coatlicue – goddess for the pain of life
Huehuetectim – god of fire
Huitzilopochtli – god of war, sun and the nation
Mictlantecuhtl – god of the dead
Quetzalcoatl – god of knowledge, creation, priesthood, and wind
Tezcatlipoca – god of magic, war and death
Tezcatlipoca – god of speech and language
Tlaloc – god of rain
Tloque Nahuaque – god of everywhere, the one supreme force, both male and female
Xipe Totec – god of spring and new life, god of suffering
Xochipilli – prince of flowers, god of dawn, dance and love
Ancient Aztec Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Ancient Aztec worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about this historical civilization and empire which were the elite of a militaristic empire located in Central Mexico when the Spanish conquistadores landed in America at the beginning of the 16th century.
Throughout the extensive worksheet pack there are multiple lesson resources and quizzes for students to practice their knowledge which can be used within the classroom or homeschooling environment.
Included Ancient Aztec worksheets:
Where is Ancient Aztec?
Using the included reading passage, students will shade the map in blue for their home country and green for modern day Aztec.
Ancient Aztec Chart
Students will use their resource and knowledge to fill in this chart about the Ancient Aztec empire.
Aztec Way of Life
Based on the included images, students will write an essay about the Aztec way of life and their contributions to the world.
Using the provided examples, students will create a storyboard about the Aztec civilization.
This worksheet includes 7 sentences about the Aztec empire that the student will read and identify the concept being described.
Aztec Gods and Goddesses
With the included fact passage as a source, students will research six Aztec gods and write a short description about them.
The student will identify a contribution of Ancient Aztec in their community and write about the significance of this and their implication in the present time.
Aztec Word Search
Using the included fact sheet, students will work through the word search grid and identify the Ancient Aztec terms.
Across the World
Identify the different civilizations that emerged during the given period and plot their locations on the map.
Compare and Contrast
The student will compare and contrast the way of living of the ancient Aztec and modern day people in the provided table.
After completing these worksheets students will be able to:
- Have a clear understanding about the history of the ancient Aztec empire and civilization.
- Complete a number of quiz and fill in the blank activities to test their knowledge of the subject.
- Locate where the Aztec civilization was on a map and answer questions about the location.
- Write about the Aztec way of life and their contributions to the world.
- Identify the concept being described in a series of statements about the Aztec empire.
- Write about Aztec legacies and why thee implications of those are in past and present times.
- Justify statements about the Aztec civilization by completing the ideas with their own thoughts.
- Compare and contrast the way people lived in ancient Aztec to the way people live in modern day.
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.