Washington Facts

Washington Facts

Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States located north of Oregon, west of Idaho, and south of the Canadian province of British Columbia on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. See the fact file below for more information about the state of Washington.

Capital
Olympia

Became a State
November 11, 1887 (42nd)

Location
Pacific Northwestern United States

Area
71,300 sq. miles (18th)

Population
6,724,540 (13th)

Major Cities
Seattle, Spokane, Olympia, Tacoma, Kennewick, Pasco, Richland

Products
red raspberries, hops, spearmint, apples, sweet cherries, peppermint, oil, Concord rapes, carrots, Niagra grapes, lentils, potatoes, prunes, dry peas, asparagus, sweet corn, green peas, plums, onions, barley, trout, wheat, cranberries, strawberries

Climate
Puget Sound lowlands see clouds and rain in the winter, western, slopes of the Cascades receives larger amounts of snow – drier climate prevails east of the Cascade Range – prevailing winds from the southwest in autumn and winter bring warm and most air masses

Yearly Precipitation
averages 28 inches

Professional Sports Teams
Seattle Seahawks (National Football League)
Seattle Mariners (Major League Baseball)
Seattle Super Sonics (National Basketball Association)
Seattle Thunderbirds (Western Hockey League)
Seattle Storm (Women’s National Basketball Association)Spokane Chiefs (Western Hockey League)
Everett Silvertips (Western Hockey League)
Tri-City Americans (Western Hockey League)

Major Waterways
Pacific Ocean, Puget Sound, Yakima River, Columbia River, Snake River

Most Famous Citizens
Bob Barker (TV host)
Bing Crosby (singer)
Chief Joseph (Indian leader)
Bill Gates (software executive)
Jim Hendrex (guitarist), Phil Mahre (skier)

State Symbols
Bird – Willow Goldfinch
Flower – Pink Rhododendron
Animal – Steelhead Trout
Tree – Western Hemlock
Insect – Green Darner Dragonfly