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The eagle is one of the biggest and most majestic of all birds. It is admired all over the world as a symbol of power, freedom and transcendence. They are apex predators, at the top of the food chain, thanks to their impressive hunting skills.
See the fact file below for more information on eagles or alternatively, you can download our 22 page Eagle worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
THE NEED TO KNOW
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrate)
- Class: Aves (Birds)
- Order: Accipitriformes (Carnivorous birds)
- Family: Accipitridae (hooked bills)
SIZE and APPEARANCE
- Eagles are apex predators. Even the smallest ones fly faster, more directly and with larger wings than comparably sized birds of other families.
- Eagles have excellent eyesight, at an estimated at 4 to 8 times stronger than that of the average human.
- Eagle weight varies: Their weights range from 700 grams (1.5 lb), 6.5 kgs (14 lb), up to 10 kgs (22 lb).
- Their size also varies depending on the species: The smallest s is around 45–55 cm. By contrast, the largest ones measure around 91–106 cm, with a wingspan of approximately 2–2.5 m.
- Eagles have four talons on each foot: A hallux talon at the back of the foot that faces forward and 3 toes on the front of the foot where the talons face backward. The hallux talon is always longer than the other talons.
HABITAT and HABITS
- When eagles fight one another, they lock talons in midair and free fall towards the earth in an “aerial game of chicken.”
- Some eagles will reuse their nests instead of building new ones each year. However, the resulting weight of repeated use sometimes causes trees to collapse under them.
- 60 eagle species are from Eurasia and Africa. The other 14 species can be found in North America (2), Central and South America (9) and Australia (3).
- Eagles are carnivores. Their food preferences range from fish to snakes to other birds and mammals.
- They are also opportunistic predators, meaning that in addition to hunting for live prey, they will steal from other animals.
- Eagles do not need to eat daily. The average eagle needs between ½ and 1 pound of food each day but they can gorge on food when it is available and hold up to 2 pounds in their crop.
- The crop is located on their chest and acts like a storage pouch.
- Like all raptors, eagles kill their prey with their talons. They can also carry about 1/3 its body weight.
- Eagles are sexually mature at around four to five years old.
- Courtship displays take place in flight but eagles do not mate in the air. Copulation occurs on a branch or in the nest with the male mounting the female.
- Eagles mate for life. Like humans, they share tasks in building their nests. Both will bring sticks to add to the nest structure and arrange them.
- Nest building may begin 1-3 months prior to mating and is considered part of the breeding process.
- On average, female eagles lay 1-3 eggs at 3- to 4-day intervals, which hatch in the order they are laid.
- Both parents incubate the eggs until they hatch – after about 35-45 days, depending on the species. A baby eagle is called an eaglet. Often, only one chick is allowed to survive.
- Generally, eaglets fledge after 10-14 weeks.
- Once the juvenile eagle leaves the nest, the adult pair drives them away to find new territory.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about eagles across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Eagle worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about eagle which is one of the biggest and most majestic of all birds. It is admired all over the world as a symbol of power, freedom and transcendence. They are apex predators, at the top of the food chain, thanks to their impressive hunting skills.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Eagle Facts
- He Ruleth
- Anatomy of a Predator
- Cycle of Life
- Sea Eagles
- Snake Eagles
- Rank the Raptors
- Eagles and Symbols
- Elite Portrayal
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Link will appear as Eagle Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 25, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.