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White Tigers are also known as white Bengal tigers. They are not albino nor a sub-species of tiger but actually are Bengal tigers with a genetic defect that expresses a different color. White tigers lack the pigment called pheomelanin, which is found in Bengal tigers with orange fur.
They are also called bleached tigers because of their lighter appearance that makes them stand out from their rust-colored peers.
See the fact file below for more information on the White Tigers or alternatively, you can download our 26-page White Tigers worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
White Tigers Facts
- KINGDOM: Animalia
- PHYLUM: Chordata
- CLASS: Mammalia
- ORDER: Carnivora
- FAMILY: Felidae
- GENUS: Panthera
- White tigers are scientifically known as Panthera tigris tigris, born because of a rare genetic mutation.
- A white tiger can only be achieved if two Bengal tigers carry the recessive gene for white coloring. White tigers are a result of inbreeding, particularly between a male tiger and his offspring.
- As a result of inbreeding, many white tigers suffer from health and genetic problems such as Down syndrome, cleft palates, scoliosis, mental impairment and crossed eyes.
- White tigers are very popular in captivity and entertainment because of their distinctive color.
- Like their rust-colored counterparts, a white tiger’s black stripes are like fingerprints, with no two tigers having the same pattern.
- Tigers have striped skin not just striped fur. If an individual were to be shaved, its distinctive coat pattern would still be visible.
- A white tiger would have a hard time surviving in the wild because it wouldn’t be as well camouflaged as a common Bengal tiger.
- Compared to the common Bengal tiger, white tigers grow faster and are heavier at birth and in adulthood.
- An adult white tiger can weigh up to 300 kilograms and they can grow up to 3 meters in length. Female white tigers are smaller, averaging about 200 kilograms and its head to tail length is up to 2.6 meters.
- White tigers are more muscular, stronger and a lot more aggressive compared to the normal orange Bengal tiger.
- The white tiger’s face is similar in shape to that of other Bengal tigers. They are only different in the color of their fur. White tigers have sapphire blue eyes rather than the green or yellow-colored eyes of normal Bengal tigers, which makes them look exotic.
- Their nose is rose-pink and they also have pink paw pads.
- The average white tiger sleeps between 16 to 18 hours per day.
- White tigers are not only incredibly quick and agile but they are also very capable swimmers, allowing them to breach boundaries such as rivers and moats. Although the white tiger is a good swimmer, it’s a very poor climber.
- Male and female white tigers are attracted to one another by their roars and scent marks. A white tigress’ age of sexual maturity is around 3 to 4 years.
- A tigress’ gestation period lasts for around three and a half months and she gives birth to up to 5 cubs. The cubs then suckle on milk for two months before weaning.
- The cubs accompany their mother until they begin to hunt for themselves at around 18 months of age. They stay with their mother until they reach between two and three years old before starting their own life of solitude.
- White tigers occupy a territory that is marked by urine and claw marks on trees, and can be up to 75 square miles in size. They don’t allow any other tigers to enter it.
- A white tiger’s average lifespan in captivity is between 12 and 20 years.
- Like the common Bengal tiger, the white tiger is a carnivorous hunter. They rest during the day and do the majority of their hunting and feeding at night.
- They have keen eyesight and incredible hearing that helps them stalk their prey in the dark. Despite the beauty of the white tiger’s fur, their white-and-black coloring prevents them from camouflaging themselves while hunting. This is why they’re very rare in the wild.
- White tigers are an apex predator. Those that survive in the wild primarily hunt large and herbivorous animals like wild boar, cattle, goats and deer. They can eat as much as 40 pounds (18 kg) of meat at a time and will hunt again a few days after feasting. They ambush their prey and attack them by surprise.
- Captive white tigers have a diet of chicken, horse meat or kangaroo meat.
- White tigers use their weight to knock their prey down and then bite its neck to kill it. They are incredibly fast, with a top speed of 96 km/h (60mph). Their formidable and retractable claws play a vital role in capturing and holding on to prey.
- As white tigers are primarily a product of captive breeding, it’s very rare to see one in the wild. Were one to survive in the wild it would inhabit the same habitat as Bengal tigers such as Asian and Indian subcontinent tropical jungles, mangrove swamps and lush grasslands.
- There are no known white tigers in the wild. The entire white tiger population is in captivity, primarily in zoos, circuses, rescue sanctuaries and other places where animals are put on display.
- White tigers have no natural predators. However, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed the Bengal tiger as endangered.
- Humans are the biggest threat to Bengal tigers. Trophy hunting, traditional medicine, the exotic pet trade and habitat destruction are causing their numbers to decline dramatically.
White Tigers Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about White Tigers across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use White Tigers worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the White Tigers which are also known as white Bengal tigers. They are not albino nor a sub-species of tiger but actually are Bengal tigers with a genetic defect that expresses a different color. White tigers lack the pigment called pheomelanin, which is found in Bengal tigers with orange fur.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- White Tigers Facts
- The Big Cat
- Bengal Peers
- Controversial Breeding
- Beautiful Felines
- Wild Search
- Tigerrific Crossword
- Fill in the Facts
- Stripe of Truth
- Paw Print
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Link will appear as White Tigers Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 2, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.