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Table of Contents
See the fact file below for more information on the Rocky Mountains or alternatively, you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Brief History & Key Facts For Kids
- Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, is a major mountain system of North America and easternmost belt of the North American cordillera, extending more than 3,000 miles from central Northern Mexico to Northwest Alaska.
- The Rockies were formed in the Mesozoic and early Cenozoic eras during the Cordilleran orogeny. They are geologically complex, with remnants of an ancestral Rocky Mountain system and evidence that uplift, which involved almost all mountain-building processes, occurred as a series of pulses over millions of years.
- Topographically, the Rockies are divided into five sections: the Southern Rockies, Middle Rockies, Northern Rockies, the Canadian Rockies, and Brooks Range in Alaska.
- Mountain soil in the Rockies is poorly developed, being extremely thin, young and too deficient in nutrients for most types of agriculture. High-valley soils are sometimes suitable for irrigation, depending on texture, steepness of slopes, length of snow cover, and the presence of trace elements that limit suitability for crop cultivation.
- Along the great north-south extent of the mountains, the climate of the Rockies extends from the northern fringe of the subtropical zone in the far south to the Arctic in the far north.
- The flora and fauna of the Rockies vary markedly according to elevation, latitude, and exposure. They are varied and abundant respectively.
The Early People
- Human presence in the Rocky Mountains has been dated to between 10,000 and 8,000 BCE.
- American Indian people inhabiting the northern mountains in modern times include the Shuswap and Kutenai of British Columbia, the Coeur d’Alene and Nez Percé of Idaho, and the Flathead of Montana.
- Southwestern groups include the Hopi, other Pueblo Indians and the Navajo.
- Nomadic Plains Indians who once ranged into the eastern Rockies included the Blackfoot, the Crow, and the Cheyenne.
The Modern People
- Incursions by Europeans began in the southwest in the 16th century. By the early 19th century, exploration and economic exploitation brought them into contact, and often conflict, with virtually all the indigenous mountain people. These encounters, along with shifting food supplies and intertribal territorial wars, generated extensive migration and attrition among some groups. Many Native Americans now live on reservations established throughout the region.
- Although settlement is now widespread throughout most of the Rockies, population is concentrated in urban areas generally located at the base of mountains, along railways, or in river valleys.
Rocky Mountain Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Rocky Mountain worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, which are a major mountain system of North America and easternmost belt of the North American cordillera, extending more than 3,000 miles from central Northern Mexico to Northwest Alaska.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Rocky Mountain Facts
- The Southern Rockies – River Scenery
- Wildlife Word Jumble
- The Middle Rockies – Mid Mapping
- Mid Art
- The Northern Rockies – The Wolf Coloring
- Northern Parks Match
- The Canadian Rockies – Flag Coloring
- Scenic Word Creator
- Brooks Range – Alaska Acrostic
Link/cite this page
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Link will appear as Rocky Mountains Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 18, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.