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The Apache are Native Americans that have a long and rich history. Ancient Apache were fierce warriors, family oriented, and a people who were nomadic.
Below are some interesting facts on the Apache tribe and their history. Alternatively, you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- The Apache are a Native American tribe that originated around 850 AD in Canada and the surrounding lands.
- In 1000 AD, they moved to the southwestern United States, where they settled in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
- Since the region was so large, the Apache divided into two main groups, the eastern and western tribes.
- The Rio Grande River served as a natural dividing line.
- Today, the Apache are mainly located in reservations in Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma.
- The name Apache comes from another Native American tribe called the Zuni.
- The Zuni used the word apachu or ‘enemy’ to describe the Apache. The Apache usually call themselves ‘inde’ or ‘dine’, which means ‘the people.’
- There are six tribes that make up the Apache: The Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Western Apache, and Kiowa.
- Ancient Apache spoke ‘Athapaskan’, a language that many Native American tribes spoke.
- Before Europe occupied North America, the Apache lived in wickiups.
- A wickiup is an oval hut that was covered in grass or straw with a wooden frame.
- The Apache tribe was a nomadic group, and their lives revolved around the buffalo.
- People that move around to follow food sources are called nomadic.
- They wore buffalo skins, slept in buffalo-hide tents, and ate buffalo meat.
- They were one of the first Indian tribes to learn to ride horses, and they quickly began using horses to hunt buffalo.They also searched for berries and plants for additional food.
- They did not eat fish or bear because these were considered unclean for eating.
- Most of their groups consisted of family and extended family.
- The men were the warriors and hunters.
- Only men were allowed to be chiefs or political leaders.
- The women stayed home to take care of the children and be ready to move the camp when they needed to.
- The extended family was based on the women.
- When a man married a woman, he would become part of her extended family and leave his own family.
- A number of extended families would live near each other in a local group, which had a chief as the leader.
- The chief would be a man who had earned the position by being the strongest and most capable leader.
- The women Apache were responsible for the home and cooking food. They would also do crafts, make clothes, and weave baskets.
- In the late 1800s, the Apache fought a number of battles against the United States government.
- They were trying to fight back from the aggression and takeover of their land.
- Several great Apache leaders arose such as Cochise and Geronimo.
- The Apache were famous for having some of the fiercest warriors in North America.
- Although men did most of the fighting, women and children were trained to use guns, protect the family, and ride horses.
- Until the Spanish arrived in their territory, the Apache and Pueblo Indians had a peaceful and economic relationship with each other.
- The Pueblo tribe traded agricultural products from their farms and also their pottery in exchange for buffalo meat and hides.
- The peaceful trade between the Pueblo and Apache was disrupted because the Spanish wanted to trade with the Apache and did everything in their power to diminish the Pueblo’s trading abilities.
- The Apache had many ceremonies that they celebrated throughout the year.
- These ceremonies often had certain dances.
- They celebrated a girl’s entrance into womanhood with the Sunrise Dance.
- The Apache believed that when a girl performed the Sunrise Dance, she was given special blessings to help her in life.
- Another dance was the Crown Dance, also known as the Mountain Spirit Dance. This dance was a masked dance, and the dancers would impersonate mountain spirits.
- The Apache was never a unified political union.
- The very loose-knit organization of the Apache tribe caused many problems for them throughout history.
- It was very difficult for them to have good relations with the Spanish, Mexicans, Americans, or other Indian tribes.
- This was because one Apache band might make peace with a nation or tribe, but another Apache band would remain at war with that same nation or tribe.
- This caused confusion among the Spanish, Mexicans, Americans, and other Indian tribes, and they would often retaliate against the wrong Apache band.
Apache Tribe Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Apache Tribe Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Apache who are Native Americans that have a long and rich history. Ancient Apache were fierce warriors, family oriented, and a people who were nomadic.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Apache Facts
- Mapping the Apache
- Match It!
- Apache Groups
- Apache Tribes
- Let’s Draw!
- Apache Food
- Women of Apache
- Great Leaders
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Link will appear as Apache Tribe Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 23, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.