Civil War Facts

American Civil War Facts
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  • The American Civil War was fought between the North (Union states) and the South (Confederate states). The Confederate states wanted to leave the union.
  • The Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked a U.S. Union military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. The war lasted from 1861-1865.
  • The conflict was triggered by the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Lincoln wanted to end slavery and keep the Union together.
  • There were a lot of differences between the Northern states and the Southern states. The North had a lot of industry and the South had a lot of farming. The South depended on the work of slaves to do the farming. The North wanted slavery abolished and the South was very opposed to that happening. Taxes and the size of government were also big issues.
  • The Civil War was fought mostly in the southern states, and there was a lot of destruction. More that 620,000 lives were lost, and more than 375,000 people were injured. Many people died from disease and of wounds that could have been treated had there been adequate medical help.
  • The Civil War was also known as the war between the states. People from the North were called Yankees, and people from the South were called Rebels.
  • The Confederacy was led by Jefferson Davis. He was considered the president of the South. Robert E. Lee was the leader of the Confederate Army. The Union was led by Abraham Lincoln. He was the president of the United States. Ulysses S. Grant was the leader of the Union Army.
  • The Confederate States were: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
  • In the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln said the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.”
  • General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, ending the Civil War. Lee said of the terms that Grant had written, “You have been very generous to the South.” The Emancipation Proclamation, in January, 1863, made “freeing the slaves” the focus of the war. Many freed slaves joined the Union.