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The Battle of Chancellorsville happened near Spotsylvania County, Virginia from April 30 to May 6, 1863. It is known as one of the prominent, significant battles that happened during the American Civil War of 1861 to 1865. It was also considered as the principal engagement of the Chancellorsville Campaign.
See the fact file below for more information on the Battle of Chancellorsville or alternatively, you can download our 22-page US Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
- The American Civil War is one of the most documented and studied episodes in the course of history of the United States of America.
- It was a fight between the North and South of the United States, or simply, the United States America (USA) versus the Confederate States of America (CSA).
- It was said that the long-standing controversy about the enslavement of Africans and African-Americans in the United States resulted to the American Civil War.
- The American Civil War began in April 1861.
- The Confederate States Army, which were the states that relied upon the labor of slaves, attacked Fort Sumter, North Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated.
- The Battle of Chancellorsville was one of the significant battles in this episode of American History.
- It was a fight between Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Morth Virginia versus Joseph Hooker’s Potomac Army.
THE CHANCELLORSVILLE CAMPAIGN
- On the morning of April 27, 1863, the Chancellorsville Campaign began with the crossing of the Rappahannock River by the Union army.
- Major General George Stoneman did a long distance raid over Gen. Robert E. Lee’s supply the same time the campaign began.
- On April 30, they concentrated on Chancellorsville.
- With this operation combined with Major General Joseph Hooker’s force on Fredericksburg, a double envelopment was planned in order to attack Lee’s army from the front and rear.
- The Battle of Chancellorsville was the result of the Chancellorsville Campaign, and was known as one of the most stunning and ambivalent Confederate victories of the American Civil War.
- On May 3, 1863, two major related battles have occurred in the vicinity of Fredericksburg, Virginia.
- General Lee’s Confederate Army set conflict with the Union’s Potomac Army, also known as Mr. Lincoln’s Army, led by Major General Hooker.
- During the campaign, General Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia was half the size of Maj. Gen. Hooker’s Potomac Army.
- The Battle of Chancellorsville is said to be Gen. Lee’s “perfect battle.”
- What resulted from the Confederate’s victory was Gen. Lee’s risky decision to divide his army into two, while they were against the presence of the much larger Potomac Army.
- It was not only Gen. Robert Lee’s risk-taking that led on his army’s victory, but also Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker’s timid decision making.
- Because of the implied strategies of Gen. Robert E. Lee, the casualties of war were high.
- Therefore, their victory was considered as a Pyrrhic one, in which the victory inflicts a very devastating toll towards the victor.
PEOPLE AND PARTIES INVOLVED
- The Union Army was led by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker (November 13, 1814 to October 31, 1879), a United States career officer during the American Civil War.
- He was appointed to be the leader of the Potomac Army on June 28, 1863.
- There were 133,868 soldiers under the Potomac Army during the Battle of Chancellorsville.
- 106,000 were located on Chancellorsville while they were 28,000 situating at the Salem Church at Fredericksburg.
- Because of his audacious strategy of imposing double envelopment against the Confederate Army, Maj. Gen Hooker, was best known, and yet he was also known for his defeat in spite of commanding a much larger army.
- Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American Confederate Soldier.
- General Lee was best known as the commander of the Confederate States Army.
- He also commanded the Army of North Virginia in the American Civil War.
- He was then a commander of the Confederate States Army from 1862 to his surrender at 1865.
- Robert E. Lee was only commanding 60,298 soldiers of the Army of North Virginia who fought against Joseph Hooker’s army at the battle of Chancellorsville.
- He was best known for his victory of the Battle of Chancellorsville, in which he divided his army in two.
- On the side of the Potomac Army, a total 17,228 soldiers were recorded as casualties. 1,606 were killed.
- 9,762 were wounded and 5,919 were captured or missing.
- While on the side of the victor, the Army of North Virginia, there were 12,764 recorded casualties.
- 1,665 were killed, 9,081 were wounded, and 2,018 were captured or missing.
US Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Battle of Chancellorsville across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use US Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Battle of Chancellorsville which happened near Spotsylvania County, Virginia from April 30 to May 6, 1863. It is known as one of the prominent, significant battles that happened during the American Civil War of 1861 to 1865. It was also considered as the principal engagement of the Chancellorsville Campaign.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- US Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville Facts
- Background of the Battle
- In Illustrations
- Name The Soldiers
- Two Armies
- Exploring Chancellorsville
- Artwork Analysis
- Civil War Battles
- News Report
- Lessons From The Battle
- Let’s Commemorate!
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Link will appear as Battle of Chancellorsville Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 26, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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