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Mount Rushmore, also known as the President’s Mountain, is a national memorial located in the Black Hills of Keystone, South Dakota. It features a carved granite rock sculpture of four U.S. Presidents, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
See the fact file below for more information on the Mount Rushmore or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Mount Rushmore worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- In 1923, local historian Doane Robinson came up with the idea of carving a monument to promote tourism in South Dakota. After a year, he had a meeting with famous Dutch-American sculptor Gutzon Borglum. Borglum was working on a Robert E. Lee monument at Stone Mountain, Georgia, at the time.
- Borglum was the one who identified Mount Rushmore as the perfect location for the monument. In 1927, construction began. The Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission was established by Congress in addition to funding it.
- Originally, Borglum presented the plan with the figures carved from head to waist. However, lack of funds made it impossible.
Carving Mount Rushmore
- On October 4, 1927, carving of Mount Rushmore started. There were over 400 workers climbing the mountain face each day to sculpt the figures. Borglum found the process slow, so he decided to use dynamite for breaking away large blocks of rock followed by the process of honeycombing.
- Over 450,000 tons of stone was removed during its construction. Amidst danger, there were no fatalities.
- Borglum decided which presidents would be included in the carving. According to the National Park Service, George Washington was chosen for being the first president and one of the Founding Fathers who represented American democracy. Thomas Jefferson was credited with expanding the United States through the Louisiana Purchase and authoring the Declaration of Independence.
- Abraham Lincoln was a definite candidate as he symbolized the preservation of the nation during the Civil War. Lastly, Theodore Roosevelt was chosen for his conservation efforts and contribution to leading industrial development.
- Each head is equivalent to a six-story-high building, each eye is 11 ft across, the noses are 20 ft long, except Washington’s at 21 ft, and their mouths are all 18 ft wide.
- On October 31, 1941, after 14 years, President’s Mountain was finished with a total cost of $989,992.32. Borglum’s son, Lincoln, supervised the carving whenever his father was away. It was also Lincoln who finished the project when Gotzun died during the final year of construction.
- Fifty years after Gotzun’s death, the Hall of Records behind Abraham Lincoln’s sculpture was completed. It sealed some original texts and copies of important American documents like the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, biographies of the four presidents, and the United States’ history.
- Each year, nearly 3 million people visit Mount Rushmore. It is also depicted in various Hollywood films as a secret location.
- It is one of America’s iconic symbols representing the nation’s identity and history.
Mount Rushmore Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Mount Rushmore across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Mount Rushmore worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Mount Rushmore, also known as the President’s Mountain, which is a national memorial located in the Black Hills of Keystone, South Dakota. It features a carved granite rock sculpture of four U.S. Presidents, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Mount Rushmore Facts
- Father of Mount Rushmore
- American Presidents
- In Numbers
- American Landmarks
- Avenue of Flags
- Hall of Records
- Building Vocabulary
- Mount Rushmore Webbing
- I Nominate
- Time to Travel!
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Link will appear as Mount Rushmore Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 11, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.