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Calvin Coolidge was the 30th President of the United States (1923-1929). He was a lawyer, Governor, U.S. Representative, and Vice President. Coolidge was the first U.S. President to deliver his State of the Union Address broadcast on radio. See the fact file below for more information on Calvin Coolidge or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. was born on July 4, 1872, in Plymouth Notch, Vermont. He was one of two children of John Calvin Coolidge and Victoria Josephine Moor. Young Calvin enrolled at a Plymouth elementary school then at the Black River Academy in Ludlow, Vermont. In 1891, he attended Amherst College in Massachusetts where he graduated with honors in 1895. After graduation, he worked for a law firm in Northampton, Massachusetts, and was admitted to the bar in 1897.
- A year later, he opened his law practice in Northampton. In 1900 to 1902, Coolidge was appointed as the City Solicitor. He served as a county clerk in 1903 before being chosen as the chairman of the local Republican Party organization.
- On October 4, 1905, Calvin married Grace Anna Goodhue with whom he had two sons, John and Calvin.
- From 1906 to 1909, he served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. By 1910, he was elected as Mayor of Northampton. In 1912, he was elected to the Massachusetts Senate until 1915. Senator Coolidge became the Senate President in 1914.
- Coolidge served as the Lieutenant Governor from 1918 to 1920. He was then chosen by the Republican Party to be Warren Harding’s vice presidential running mate.
- On August 2, 1923, President Harding died in San Francisco.
Calvin Coolidge’s Presidency
- On August 3, 1923, upon receiving the news of Harding’s death, Coolidge took his oath as the 30th President of the United States in his home. The oath of office was administered by his father, who was a notary public. The next day, he was re-sworn in the presence of the Supreme Court Justice in Washington.
- On December 6, 1923, President Calvin Coolidge delivered his State of the Union address. It was the first official address by the President to be broadcast on radio.
- By April 1924, Coolidge vetoed the Soldier’s Bonus Bill, which was later on overrode by Congress. The next month, he signed the stricter Immigration Act of 1924, prohibiting the immigration of people from the Middle East, India, and East Asia, specifically the Japanese within the quota of 2%, down from 3%.
- In June, he signed the Indian Citizenship Act allowing full U.S. citizenship to all American Indians while retaining their tribal and cultural rights.
- During the 1924 elections, he was nominated by the Republican Party as the presidential candidate. He won with a majority of the electoral votes.
- The United States participated to the Permanent Court of International Justice through the resolution passed by the Senate in January 1926.
- Coolidge signed the Revenue Act in February 1926, which reduced the collection of income tax and import duties or tariffs. In addition, he signed the Air Corps Act into law, which established the U.S. Army Air Corps, now known as the United States Air Force.
- On October 25, 1926, the Tenure of Office Act passed in 1868 was nullified by the Supreme Court. It prohibited the president from removing cabinet members without the approval of the Senate.
- Coolidge vetoed the McNary-Haugen Farm Relief Bill twice within its four attempts.
- In January 1928, he became the only incumbent president to visit Cuba when the Sixth International Conference of American States was held.
- On August 27, 1928, the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 128 or the Pact of Paris, which was initiated by Coolidge, was ratified along with 15 other countries. The pact favored diplomacy instead of war in settling disputes.
Post-presidency and Death
- Upon his retirement, an autobiography was published in 1929. He also wrote a column in McClure Newspaper entitled “Calvin Coolidge Says”, from 1930 to 1931.
- In addition, he became an honorary President of the American Foundation for the Blind, President of the American Antiquarian Society, Director of New York Life Insurance Company, and a trustee of Amherst College.
- On June 23, 1930, he received an honorary Doctorate of Laws from Bates College in Lewiston, Maine.
- He spent most of his retirement years in his home, the Beeches in Northampton, Massachusetts. On January 5, 1933, Coolidge died of coronary thrombosis. He was buried at Notch Cemetery in Plymouth Notch, Vermont. Coolidge left his entire estate to his wife.
William Mckinley Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Calvin Coolidge Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about America’s 30th President. He was a lawyer, Governor, U.S. Representative, and Vice President. Coolidge was the first U.S. President to deliver his State of the Union Address broadcast on radio.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Calvin Coolidge Facts
- Silent Cal
- When in Cuba
- Name Them All
- Steps to the White House
- Signed or Vetoed?
- McNary-Haugen Farm Relief Bill
- On the Radio
- Picture Me
- Coolidge Administration
- Born on the 4th of July
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Link will appear as President Calvin Coolidge Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 20, 2017
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