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Table of Contents
Anne Frank was a diarist and writer and one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Her wartime diary The Diary of a Young Girl has been the basis for several plays and films after its publication in 1947.
See the fact file below for more information on the Anne Frank or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Anne Frank worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
FAMILY AND EARLY LIFE
- Annelies Marie Frank, more popularly known as Anne Frank, was born on 12 June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany.
- Together with her family, she lived in Amsterdam during World War II.
- Her father was German lieutenant Otto Frank and her mother was Edith Frank.
- Her father later became a businessman in Germany and the Netherlands.
- Her sister, Margot, was three years older than her.
EMIGRATION TO HOLLAND & NAZI OCCUPATION
- Anne’s family knew the right decision was to flee Germany when Hitler became German Chancellor on 20 January 1933.
- In the fall of 1933, they relocated to Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- In her diary, Anne Frank elaborated on the circumstances of her family’s emigration, which centered on their Jewish blood.
- In Holland, her father worked as a manager of the Dutch Opekta Company, a manufacturing company for products used to produce jam.
- On 15 May 1940, upon the surrender of the Dutch to the Germans, Nazi occupation in Holland began.
THE FRANK FAMILY’S HOME
- On 5 July 1942, Anne’s sister Margot received an official summons to appear at a Nazi work camp in Germany.
- One day after receiving the summons, the Franks went into hiding, in a three-storey makeshift lodging at the back of the company building of Anne’s father.
- To cover up their hidden location, Anne’s father left a note in their former apartment that they had left for Switzerland.
- They referred to their hidden quarters as the “Achterhuis” which translates from Dutch to “secret annex”.
- The door to the “achterhuis” was sealed with a bookcase.
- The Frank family lived there for two years together with Otto Frank’s most trusted employees.
- They never stepped outside of the Secret Annex in those two years.
ARREST AND INCARCERATION
- On 4 August 1944, the Secret Annex was raided by a German police officer and four Dutch Nazis.
- Everyone hiding in the annex was arrested and sent to Camp Westerbork, a concentration camp in the Netherlands before they were transferred to the Auschwitz death camp in Poland on 3 September 1944.
- They arrived in Auschwitz three days later and the men and women were separated, meaning that it was the last time Otto Frank saw his wife and daughters.
- Children younger than 15 years old were immediately sent to the gas chambers to die.
- Anne was spared from this because she had turned 15 three months prior.
- Conditions in the concentration camp were very harsh and Anne and Margot caught typhus fever in the early spring. They both died within a day of each other in March 1945, only a few weeks before the camp was liberated by British soldiers.
- Anne Frank died at only 15 years old.
- She was one of over 1 million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust.
- Otto Frank survived and returned to Amsterdam when the war ended.
ANNE FRANK’S DIARY
- Anne Frank received her red-checkered diary as a gift from her parents on her 13th birthday on 12 June 1942.
- Her first diary entry was addressed to her imaginary friend named Kitty.
- Anne Frank wrote long and extensive entries in her diary to pass the time while she and her family were in hiding in the Secret Annex.
- In her entries, she conveyed a wide spectrum of emotions: from despair to carelessness.
- She also examined the personalities of her family members as well as the dynamics and evolution of her relationships with them.
- Anne Frank aspired to become a journalist, as seen in her diary entry: “I finally realized that I must do my schoolwork to keep from being ignorant, to get on in life, to become a journalist, because that’s what I want!” (April 5, 1944).
- She wrote on a regular basis until her last entry dated August 1, 1944.
- From a young age, Anne’s diary revealed her maturity in the way she thought and expressed herself.
- The Diary of Anne Frank gained popularity not only because of the events of the war and Nazi occupation that she lived through but mainly because of her tireless spirit amidst dreadful circumstances and her undeniable talent as a storyteller.
- Frank’s diary tells the story of faith and hope in a time of hate, discrimination and persecution.
- In 2009, the Anne Frank Center USA launched the Sapling Project, a national initiative to plant saplings from a 170-year-old chestnut tree, which Anne had written about with great love in her diary.
Anne Frank Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Anne Frank across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Anne Frank worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Anne Frank who was a diarist and writer and one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Her wartime diary The Diary of a Young Girl has been the basis for several plays and films after its publication in 1947.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Anne Frank Facts
- All About Anne
- Diary Excerpt
- The Secret Annex
- World War II Fast Facts
- Jewish Symbols
- Nightmare of Holocaust
- The Frank Family
- Color Me True
- Dear Diary
- Jewish Memorial
Frequently Asked Questions
How long did Anne Frank hide?
Anne Frank experienced 761 days in the Secret Annex, and although each individual day had its own unique atmosphere, there was a distinct rhythm to it all. By analyzing Anne’s diary entries and short stories, we can recreate what an ordinary weekday or Sunday would have been like during her time in the annex.
How was Anne Frank’s diary found?
After the war, Otto Frank survived Auschwitz and returned to Amsterdam. His secretary, Miep Gies, stumbled upon Anne’s diary while searching through the house after it was raided by Nazis and her family members were interned. Rescuing these precious few writings of Anne’s; Gies saved both the dairy as well as any additional notebooks or papers that remained intact from before.
How did the Franks get caught?
Kremer’s father knew Van Dijk in Amsterdam. Kremer’s dad heard people talking about where the Franks were in Prinsengracht during a conversation in a Nazi office in early August 1944. The Franks were captured by Nazis a few days after that conversation. But Van Dijk was not there when it happened–he was in The Hague.
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Link will appear as Anne Frank Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 4, 2021
Use With Any Curriculum
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