Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
Table of Contents
Mesopotamia is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria, and to a much lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran.
See the fact file below for more information on the Ancient Mesopotamia or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Ancient Mesopotamia worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
- Most of Ancient Mesopotamia was located in what today is the country of Iraq. Mesopotamia was known as the land between two rivers. The Tigris River ran along the north and the Euphrates River ran along the south.
- These rivers flow into the Persian Gulf. The area is also known as “The Fertile Crescent”. Mesopotamia was approximately 300 miles long and 150 miles wide.
- The land of Ancient Mesopotamia experienced many floods, but today the area is mostly desert. The flooding was a challenge to the farmers. They had to learn to control and work with it.
- The invention of irrigation was extremely important, because it allowed the people to plant during the hot, dry season. The fertile land produced crops such as many fruits, vegetables, flax, barley, wheat, and sesame.
- Sheep, cattle, goats, and pigs were being raised by the farmers. The seeder plow, invented by the Mesopotamians, was a major achievement. It allowed farmers to plow their land and seed it at the same time.
- Ancient Mesopotamia is where the world’s first cities appeared between 4000 – 3500 BC. Before this time, most people lived on farms in the country. City life allowed the people to work together for the common good. It is believed an ancient site, called Eridu, was the first city that was ever created.
WAY OF LIFE AND ACHIEVEMENTS
- Ancient Mesopotamia is considered the cradle of civilization, because the people of this culture developed many things such as government, written language, religion, agriculture, and cities. The Ancient Mesopotamians developed sanitation techniques, the Pythagorean theorem, and glass.
- They revolutionized transportation around 3500 BC by inventing the wheel and were among the first to harness the wind as an energy source by using the sail.
- The Sumerians of Ancient Mesopotamia are credited with inventing the earliest form of writing. The writings on tablets were of simple pictures, or pictograms, which represented an object or an idea.
- Clay was a difficult material to draw on, so the Mesopotamians eventually reduced pictograms into a series of wedge-shaped signs that they pressed into clay with a stylus. This wedge-shaped writing is called cuneiform.
- This invention of writing was a huge advancement, because it allowed information to be carried from place to place accurately.
- The Ancient Mesopotamians developed the arch and column. They were masters of construction using bricks made of mud. Brick-making was a major Mesopotamian industry, especially in the south, where wood was in short supply and there was no stone. Over the centuries, rains and shifting sands destroyed much of southern Mesopotamia’s mud-brick architecture. Only crumbled mounds remain as evidence of the great cities that once stood in the deserts of southern Iraq.
- The Ancient Mesopotamians worshipped hundreds of gods. Ordinary people depended on a relationship with their own personal god – like a guardian angel – who protected them and talked to the other gods on their behalf. Every city had its own god or goddess. There were also gods that were connected to different professions. The major gods were:
- Anu was the father of the gods and the god of the sky
- Enlil was the god of the air
- Utu was the sun god and the lord of truth and justice
- Nanna was the moon god
- Inanna was the goddess of love and war
- Ninhursag was the goddess of earth
- Enki was the god of fresh water as well as the lord of wisdom and magic
- The Mesopotamian woman’s role was strictly defined. Most girls were trained from childhood for the traditional roles of wife, mother, and housekeeper. They learned how to grind grain, how to cook and make beverages, especially beer, and how to spin and weave cloth for clothing. At around twelve years of age, a young girl was considered ready for marriage.
- During the earliest years of recorded history, the Ancient Mesopotamians were experimenting with ways to count, measure, and solve mathematical problems. They were the first to give a number a place value and to recognize the concept of zero. The ancient Mesopotamians did not use money, so they developed a system of weights to buy and sell things. They used barley as a measure. Other standard units of weight were the shekel, the mina, and the talent or load. Eventually, silver replaced barley as the medium of exchange.
- The Ancient Mesopotamians discovered that by observing the movements of the moon, sun, and stars, they could measure time, which was important for planting crops and for holding religious festivals.
Ancient Mesopotamia Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Ancient Mesopotamia across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Ancient Mesopotamia worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Mesopotamia which is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria, and to a much lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Ancient Mesopotamia Facts
- Mapping Mesopotamia
- The Cuneiform
- The Banquet Plaque
- Then…& Today…
- Mesopotamian Technology
- The Fertile Crescent
- Fascinating Civilization
- Mesopotamian Life
- Ancient Empires
- Mesopotamian Archeology
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Ancient Mesopotamia Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 22, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.