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Napoleon Bonaparte (August 15, 1769 to May 5, 1821), also known as Napoleon I, was a military general and the first emperor of France. He is considered one of the world’s greatest military leaders. Napoleon revolutionized military organization and training, sponsored the Napoleonic Code, reorganized education and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy.
See the fact file below for more information on the Napoleon Bonaparte or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Napoleon Bonaparte worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Early Life and Interests
- Napoleon was born on the Island of Corsica, Italy. He was the second of eight surviving children born to Carlo Buonaparte (1746-1785), a lawyer, and Letizia Romalino Buonaparte (1750-1836). Although his parents were members of the minor Corsican nobility, the family was not wealthy.
- A year after he was born, the Corsica was captured by the French. Napoleon was sent to a French school and was bullied because of his strong Italian accent. This is when Napoleone di Buonaparte became Napoleon Bonaparte. He wanted to change his name to one that sounded more French in an attempt to end the bullying and have more in common with his French peers.
- He enjoyed studying history. His knowledge of history would eventually help him in his military and political careers.
- He enjoyed chess and his ability to strategize like a grandmaster helped substantially in his military successes.
- In 1785, Napoleon graduates from École Militaire and was commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant of Artillery.
- Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution (1789-1799).
- In 1796, Napoleon married Josephine de Beauharnais (1763-1814), a stylish widow six years his senior who had two teenage children. More than a decade later, in 1809, after Napoleon had no offspring of his own with Josephine, he had their marriage annulled so he could find a new wife and produce an heir.
- In 1810, he wed Marie Louise (1791-1847), the daughter of the emperor of Austria. The following year, she gave birth to their son, Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte (1811-1832), who became known as Napoleon II and was given the title King of Rome. In addition to his son with Marie Louise, Napoleon had several illegitimate children.
- The military career of Napoleon Bonaparte spanned 20 years. As emperor, he led the French Armies in the Napoleonic Wars. He is widely regarded as a military genius and one of the finest commanders in world history. He fought 60 battles, losing only eight, mostly towards the end of his career.
Coup of 18 Brumaire
- On November 9, 1799, in an event known as the Coup of 18 Brumaire, Napoleon was part of a group that successfully overthrew the French Directory. The Coup of 18 Brumaire brought General Napoleon Bonaparte to power as First Consul of France and, in the view of most historians, ended the French Revolution. This bloodless coup d’état overthrew the Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate.
- The Napoleonic Wars were wars fought during the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte over France. They started after the French Revolution ended and Napoleon Bonaparte became powerful in France in November 1799.
- The Battle of Austerlitz (2 December 1805), also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of the most important and decisive engagements of the Napoleonic Wars.
- Napoleon’s army defeated the Austrians and Russians led by Holy Roman Emperor Francis II and Tsar Alexander I. The victory resulted in the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine.
- The battle is considered the greatest victory achieved by Napoleon.
- The French became powerful very quickly and conquered most of Europe. The French then lost power just as quickly. The great French dominion collapsed rapidly after the disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812, also known by the French as the Russian Campaign and the Patriotic War of 1812 by the Russians.
- It was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars because it was the first major defeat for Napoleon. It started a major change in European politics as it greatly weakened France’s power over Europe. The French Empire’s former allies, at first Prussia and then the Austrian Empire, broke their alliance with France.
- The Napoleonic Wars ended with the Second Treaty of Paris on 20 November 1815. This was just after the Battle of Waterloo, a big battle that Napoleon lost. Napoleon’s empire subsequently lost the wars and the Bourbon Dynasty ruled France again.
- Napoleon spent his remaining days in British custody on the remote island of St. Helena.
- The citizens of France wanted equality and Napoleon gave them that through the education system and the tax system. By being a military genius and winning so many key battles for his country, he was seen as a hero and gained much respect all over Europe
- The French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte enacted a new legal framework for France, known as the “Napoleonic Code”, officially the “Code Civil des Français”.
- The civil code, established under Napoleon I in 1804, gave post-revolutionary France its first coherent set of laws concerning property, colonial affairs, the family and individual rights.
- The code did not allow privileges based on birth (such as nobility). It allowed freedom of religion. It also set up a system of civil service where government jobs would go to the most qualified.
Napoleon Bonaparte Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Napoleon Bonaparte across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Napoleon Bonaparte worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Napoleon Bonaparte (August 15, 1769 to May 5, 1821), also known as Napoleon I, who was a military general and the first emperor of France. He is considered one of the world’s greatest military leaders. Napoleon revolutionized military organization and training, sponsored the Napoleonic Code, reorganized education and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Napoleon Bonaparte Facts
- Story of My Life
- The Rightful Answer
- The Codified Laws
- Draw the Line
- Battle of the Bravest
- Living in Color
- Moment of Truth
- Searching for Bonaparte
- What Year is it?
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Link will appear as Napoleon Bonaparte Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 31, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
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