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The American Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence, was a long conflict that spanned more than eight years of fighting between Great Britain and 13 of its North American colonies.
But what caused the American Revolution? What were the important events, facts and key causes that lead to the colonies declaring their independence? Below is a timeline of events that eventually caused the American Revolution.
- Many of the colonies were founded by people wanting to escape persecution in England. When the British government started to become more involved with the colonies, tension rose and the colonies worried they would once again lose their freedoms and be persecuted by the British.
- British Parliament taxed the colonies for helping them in the French and Indian War. This war took place between the American colonies and New France. The war lasted from 1754 to 1763 and British troops helped the colonists to fight the war, and also protected them after the war. They weren’t free though and Britain needed to tax the colonies to pay for the troops.
Taxes and Protests
- In 1764, the British started to impose new taxes and laws on the colonies. Before this, the British had left the colonies to govern themselves, but they started to implement a lot of new laws such as the Sugar Act, Currency Act, Quartering Act, and the Stamp Act.
- The colonists did not take well to the new taxes. They believed that they should not have to pay British taxes because they didn’t have any representatives in British Parliament. This lead to their motto “No Taxation Without Representation.“
- Colonists started to protest the taxes and formed the Sons of Liberty. They were a group of Patriots formed in 1765 in Boston and the group soon spread across the colonies. One protest lead to fighting and several colonists were shot and killed by the British. This became known as the Boston Massacre.
- The British introduced the Tea Act in 1773. The protests against this act saw patriots in Boston and threw 342 chests of tea into the water – this was the Boston Tea Party. In todays money, that tea would have been worth roughly a million dollars.
The Intolerable Acts
- The British government punished the colonies for the Boston Tea Party. They did this by passing the Massachusetts Government Act through Parliament. The act was designed to suppress dissent and restore order in Massachusetts.
- The British also enacted the Boston Port Act. The events of the Boston Tea Party had appalled the British, and, in response, this act was made to completely shut down the Boston Harbor until the dumped tea was paid for. This angered people in Boston, but it also angered the other colonies who believed the British might do the same thing to them.
The United Colonies
- The laws imposed by the British did not control the colonies as they wanted. Instead, the countless taxes and laws angered the colonies lead to them becoming more united against the British rule.
- Other colonies sent supplies to Boston during the blockade of the harbor. At the same time, the Sons of Liberty was growing across the Americas.
- In 1774, twelve of the thirteen colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress. This was a direct response to the Intolerable Acts imposed by the British and they sent a petition to King George III to repeal the acts. When they didn’t receive a response, they also began to boycott British goods.
The American Revolutionary War
In April of 1775 there was a rumor that the the British Army, stationed in Boston, were preparing to advance. It was thought they would make their move to arrest the leaders of the Sons of Liberty and other American Patriots.
The Patriot, Paul Revere, was able to warn the colonies of the approaching British and on April 18, 1775, The Revolutionary War began when fighting broke out between the two sides at the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
Causes Of American Revolution Worksheets
This bundle includes 10 ready-to-use Causes of the American Revolution worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about the the American War of Independence which was a long conflict that spanned more than eight years of fighting between Great Britain and 13 of its North American colonies. This worksheet pack explores this era in depth and is a fantastic resource for the classroom or home studying environment. Use in conjuction with our American Revolution Worksheets pack or our French & Indian War collection.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Causes of American Revolution Facts
- Modified TRUE or FALSE
- Color Match the Cause and Effect
- Fill in the Blanks
- Look for Acts, Look For Facts
- The Thirteen Colonies
- Who Are the Sons of Liberty?
- Chronology of Events: Stack the blocks
- Boston Massacre Picture Analysis
- Poster Making
- I am King George III
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Link will appear as Causes of the American Revolution Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 30, 2016
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.