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King George III of England and Ireland (1738-1820) was the longest reigning monarch before Queen Victoria and Elizabeth II. He was the king of Great Britain when the American Revolutionary War broke out and the colonists gained independence from the British crown.
See the fact file below for more information on the King George III or alternatively, you can download our 19-page King George III worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY LIFE AND FAMILY BACKGROUND
- He was the eldest son of Frederick Prince of Wales, of the Hanover dynasty, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. The young George was privately tutored by John Stuart. At the age of 8, he knew the English, German, and French languages. His interest in natural sciences was seen through his own astronomical observatory.
- George III was the first Hanoverian king to be born in England and not in Germany.
- In 1751, after his father’s death, George inherited the title ‘Duke of Edinburgh’, making him the next heir to the throne. Nine years later, he ascended to the throne when his grandfather died. In his 50-year marriage, George III had 15 children with his only wife, Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
GEORGE III AS KING
- As the new king, he inherited the ongoing Seven Years War with the French. After the war in 1763, Great Britain faced a huge financial deficit. George Grenville (George III’s Prime Minister) urged the king and Parliament to impose taxes on the American colonies to gain revenue.
- By 1764 and 1765, the Sugar Act and Stamp Act were passed by the Parliament with the king’s approval. The Stamp Act was one of the main reasons why the colonists questioned the British Crown and Parliament over the issue of taxation without representation.
- From Boston, Massachusetts, the battle cry against the imposition of the Stamp Act spread to other colonial cities. The Stamp Act was the imposition of taxes on all printed documents produced and used within the colony.
- Legal documents, pamphlets, newspapers and even playings cards were included.
- In 1766, the Stamp Act was repealed by King George III after a series of colonists movements, including the Declaration of Rights and Grievances made by the delegates through the Stamp Act Congress. Though it was repealed, the Parliament passed the Declaratory Act, subjecting the colonists to British laws.
- Amidst the colonists’ refusal, the Parliament continued to pass taxation laws over the thirteen colonies. Examples are the Townshend Act, Tea Act, and the Intolerable Act. After the series of events in Boston, the American Revolutionary War broke out, led by the Continental Army with General George Washington as the commander.
- He was appointed by the Second Continental Congress along with the last negotiation piece (the Olive Branch Petition) sent to King George III and the Parliament.
- In 1779, George III insisted that the British troops fought the Continental Army. But, in 1781, the colonists found the French as an ally and defeated the British troops, securing the treaty for independence in 1783.
- In 1789, George III regained his fame after winning the war with Napoleonic France at the Battle of Waterloo and incorporating Ireland into Great Britain.
- He was also known as Mad King George III. In 1811, the king suffered from mental illness after personal and political pressures. As a result, the Parliament passed the Regency Act, enabling Prince George, George III’s eldest son, to rule Great Britain according to the will of his father.
- George III died at Windsor Castle on January 29, 1820, after almost 60 years as the King of England and Ireland.
King George III Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about King George III across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use King George III worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about King George III of England and Ireland (1738-1820) who was the longest reigning monarch before Queen Victoria and Elizabeth II. He was the king of Great Britain when the American Revolutionary War broke out and the colonists gained independence from the British crown.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- King George III Facts
- King George’s Game
- Facts and Acts
- Against the King
- The Reign
- Letters to the King
- The Union Jack
- Mapping 13 Colonies
- In the King’s Name
- Issues and Controversies
- The King and the Revolution
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Link will appear as King George III Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 29, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.