Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor
Date of Birth
April 21, 1926
Place of Birth
Father was Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI)
and mother was Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, House of Windsor
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
4 children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, Edward
Educated at home
Became Queen England II of England on June 2, 1953.
Reason for Fame
Elizabeth is head of the Commonwealth and Queen
of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada,
Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon, later renamed Sri Lanka.
During her reign, she became queen of 25 other countries
within the Commonweath as they gained independence from Britain.
She has been the sovereign of 32 individual nations, but half of them later became republics.
During World War II, she joined the Women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service
as No. 230873 Second Subbaltern Elizabeth Windsor.
She trained as a driver and mechanic, drove a military truck
and rose to the rank of Junior Commander. She is the last surviving head of state
who served in uniform during World War II.
Facts & Information
- Elizabeth II was born on 21 April 1926. Her parents were the Duke and Duchess of York (who later went on to become King George VI and Queen Elizabeth I.
- Elizabeth II was made Queen (her ‘coronation’) on 2 June 1953. She was 26 years old.
- Elizabeth is known as ‘II’ because she is the second Elizabeth to take the throne and become Queen. Elizabeth the first was her mother.
- Alongside being Queen of the United Kingdom, Elizabeth II is also Queen of Australia, New Zealand and Canada, as well as the independent countries in the Caribbean:
- Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, the Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.
- Elizabeth II is Head of the Commonwealth; a group of 53 sovereign states. In 1960 she was given her own flag to symbolize this position, although this has now been replaced by the British Royal Standard.
- Elizabeth II is the world’s oldest reigning monarch. She is also Britain’s longest-lived Queen. No other King or Queen has reigned for as long as Elizabeth II.
Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her Silver Jubilee in 1977 (25 years on the throne), her Golden Jubilee in 2002 (50 years on the throne) and her Diamond Jubilee in 2012 (60 years on the throne).
- In 2016, the Queen celebrated her 90th birthday on 21 April.
- The Queen only has one sibling: a younger sister named Margaret. Her correct title is ‘Princess Margaret’.
- Elizabeth II is married to Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. They married when Elizabeth was 21 years old at Westminster Abbey in London. Prince Philip is also known as the Duke of Edinburgh.
- Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip have four children: Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward.
- Even though Queen Elizabeth II is 90 years old, she does not plan to step down (abdicate) from the throne. If she does abdicate, the person next in line to become King is her son, Prince Charles.
- The Queen’s official residence is Buckingham Palace in London although she has many other homes around the UK, including Windsor Castle, Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle.