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Table of Contents
Nepal is a country in Asia located along the southern edges of the Himalayan mountain ranges, landlocked between India and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu, and the country is home to nearly 30 million people.
See the fact file below for more information on the Nepal or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Nepal worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORY OF NEPAL
- Nepal has a rich history, both cultural and geographic.
- The earliest inhabitants of modern Nepal are believed to have come from the Indus Valley Civilization, and the first documented tribes in the country were the Kirat people who arrived roughly 4000 to 4500 years ago.
- Very little is known about the early history of Nepal, but there are many legends and stories told about clans and dynasties.
- Following years of rivalry between the medieval kingdoms that existed in the area, Nepal was unified in the latter half of the 18th century, with the Kingdom of Nepal established in 1768.
- Unifying Nepal was extremely difficult to do because of the extreme diversity that existed between religious and cultural groups in the area.
- Confrontations erupted between 1775 and 1951 as a result of competition for political power that involved bribery, monopolies, dominance, and overthrows.
- The British conquest of India in the 19th century created problems for Nepal, but the Rana family regime managed to negotiate terms with the British for Nepal to keep their independence.
- When the British withdrew from India in 1947, Nepal faced new challenges and exposed the regime to dangers including rebellion, shifting alliances, and new political systems.
- A constitution was approved in 1959 in Nepal after the introduction of a democratic political system.
- The Nepali Civil War occurred between 1996 and 2006; on May 28, 2008, Nepal was declared a Federal Republic with a new constitution signed on September 20, 2015.
GEOGRAPHY OF NEPAL
- Nepal is home to some of the most difficult and rugged mountain terrain anywhere in the world, with about 75% of the country covered by mountains, including the Great Himalayas, which influence the country’s climate.
- Nepal’s natural vegetation includes a tropical, moist zone of vegetation as well as forests and alpine vegetation.
- A wide variety of plants can be found in Nepal including spruce, juniper, birch, and cypress trees and various species of flowers and bushes.
- Nepal’s forests are home to tigers, leopards, guars, buffalo, deer, the Indian rhinoceros, bears, and wolves.
- Nepal is landlocked by India (they share 1,050 miles of land border) and China (with whom they share 768 miles of land border), and relies on India for access to the Indian Ocean and for other things.
- The country is divided into four main landform regions – the Terai Region, Hilly, Himal, and the Trans-Himalayan Region.
ECONOMY AND CULTURE OF NEPAL
- Nepal is one of the least developed countries in the world, and is heavily dependent on imports of basic materials as well as trading partners around the continent.
- Nepal imports fuel, fertilizers, metals, and most consumer goods.
- In return, the country exports rice, timber, and textiles.
- The government’s development programs are mostly funded by foreign aid, but the money is not spent directly on addressing the needs of people who live in rural areas in the country.
- Nepal has few resources including coal, limestone, and other minerals; its river systems have massive potential for hydroelectric development, which could be exported to India and be used to support the economy.
- The cultivation of rice, corn, and wheat accounts for about half of the country’s export earnings, but a lack of adequate transport contributes to food deficit areas of the country, particularly mid-mountain and mountain regions.
- Traditional Nepali society depends largely on the caste system and social hierarchy, and is responsible for many of the social restrictions found across South Asia.
- Family values are important in Nepal, and multi-generational families and houses are the norm, but nuclear families are becoming more common in urban areas.
- Many Nepalis have arranged marriages and the divorce rate is extremely low; child marriages are also common.
- Buddhist statues and temples are common in Nepal, as well as pagodas and bronze and copper craftsmanship.
- Nepal has shifted from old forms of literature written in Sanskrit to poems, stories, and academic papers that address contemporary social problems and are influenced by Western literary traditions.
- The Nepali film industry is referred to as “Kollywood”, and features men and women in traditional clothing such as saris, dhotis, langautis, cholos, and petticoats.
- The foundation of Nepali cooking includes savoury lentils, pulses, and cereals with a wide variety of spices.
- Popular sports and games in Nepal include dandi biyo and kabaddi, as well as chess and children’s games.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Nepal across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Nepal worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Nepal which is a country in Asia located along the southern edges of the Himalayan mountain ranges, landlocked between India and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu, and the country is home to nearly 30 million people.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Nepal Facts
- Culture of Nepal
- Nepal Wordsearch
- See, Think, Wonder
- Biography of Prithvi Narayan Shah
- Nepali Civil War
- Symbols of Nepal
- Nepal Crossword
- Cuisine of Nepal
- Design a Postcard
- Map of Nepal
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Link will appear as Nepal Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 3, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.