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Islam is a monotheistic religion which means that this religion believes in only one god. The people who practice and follow Islam are called Muslims. Muslims call their god as Allah. The teachings and beliefs of Muslims are written in their holy book, the Quran, and it is believed that everything written in the Quran is the words of Allah given to Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad by angel Gabriel.
See the fact file below for more information on the Islam or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Islam worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The word Islam came from the term “al-silm” meaning peace, and from the word “istaslama” meaning “to surrender” or submission and the submission refers to Allah.
- llah means “the god” or “the deity” in Arabic.
- It was founded by prophet Muhammad in the early 7th century.
- Muhammad is believed to be the Holy Prophet of Islam and is the last prophet sent by Allah to mankind.
- The prophet founded the religion in the city of Mecca, or also now called Saudi Arabia.
- When Muhammad died, the Islamic government was called the “Caliphate” and was being ruled by the “Caliph”.
- The first four Caliphs were taught by Muhammad and they were called as the “Rightly Guided” Caliphs.
- The Islamic Empire grew during the Middle Ages and is one of the largest empires in recorded history.
- The empire governed the whole Middle East, northern Africa, Spain, and some parts of Asia and India.
- The Islamic Empire had its Golden Age and this was when science and technology, culture, education, and most importantly, arts flourished.
- The Golden Age lasted from 790 CE to 1258 CE.
- Baghdad city was the cultural center during this period and was the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate.
- The period came to an end when the Mongols conquered Baghdad city in 1258 CE.
- Islamic art rarely included humans or animal figures in order to avoid idolatry that people would worship.
- Major capital cities of the Caliphate included Baghdad, Cairo, Istanbul, Medina, and Damascus.
BELIEFS AND PRACTICES
- Islam is divided into two groups, the Sunni Islam and Shia Islam.
- Sunni Islam is the most common group, which comprises of 75-90% of all Muslims.
- Shia Islam consists of 10-20% of Muslims and they are called Shiites.
- The holy book of Muslims is called the Quran.
- Muslims believe that the Quran consists of the sayings and words of Allah.
- The religion teaches Muslims that God told Muhammad what to write in the Quran with the help of angel Gabriel.
- The Quran explains that Muslims should follow the right path by only doing good in order to please Allah.
- Muslims believe that Allah decides who goes to Jannah, or heaven and by doing good, it will lead them closer to Allah.
- The holy book has 114 chapters all in all, and in each chapter, there are verses.
- Hafiz or Hafez is the term for a muslim who has memorized the entire Quran.
- Sunnah is another important book in Islam and it tells about the life of Muhammad.
- Another important book is the Hadith which is composed of collections of what Muhammad said.
- A mosque, masjid in Arabic, is where Muslims worship.
- Followers must take their shoes off before entering the place of worship to pray.
- When praying, Muslims will figure out the direction of Qibla.
- Qibla is the direction which they should pray in, which is towards Mecca.
- After figuring out the direction of Qibla, they roll out their prayer mat and say their own prayers to Allah.
- A muslim is obliged to say a prayer five times a day and this call to prayer is known as Adhan.
- A muezzin is a man chosen to make the Adhan and he uses a loudspeaker for people to hear him and is usually done in public.
- Based on Islamic teachings, Muslims must address “Peace be upon him” (PBUH or pbuh) whenever they mention Muhammad’s name as a show of respect.
THE FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM
- There are five things that every Muslim should do and they are called the Five Pillars of Islam.
- Tawhid, or faith in English, is the Muslim belief that there is no god but Allah himself, and that Muhammad is his messenger.
- Sallah explains that Muslims should pray five times a day and do this at special times of the day.
- When Muslims pray, they should be facing the holy city of Mecca.
- For Shia Muslims, they can have their prayers in the afternoon and evening right after each session.
- Zakah says that the Muslims who have money should donate 1/40th of their money to help people who are poor and who need help.
- Sawm points out that Muslims should fast during Ramadan.
- Ramadan happens during the ninth month of the Islamic year.
- Muslims are not allowed to eat or drink starting from dawn to sunset for one lunar month.
- After the Ramadan, Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr which translates to “festival of end-fast”.
- During the Eid al-Fitr, Muslims visit the mosque in the morning to hold a special religious service and hold a party with families and friends after the celebration.
- During the Hajj season, or pilgrimage, numerous Muslims visit Mecca.
- If a Muslim does not have enough money or is sick, they are not required to observe the Hajj.
HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVALS
- One Islamic year contains 354 or 355 days.
- Al Hijrah – It is celebrated on the first day of the month of Muharram.
- Ashura – Fasting holiday and is celebrated on the 10th day of Muharram.
- Mawlid an Nabi – They celebrate the birth of Muhammad on the 12th day of Rabi al-Awwal.
- Ramadan – It is the ninth month in the calendar, It is also the month that Muhammad saw the Quran.
- Laylat al-Qadr – Also called the Night of Power, it takes place near the end of Ramadan. It is the night that Muhammad received the Quran.
- Eid al-Fitr – The day when Ramadan has ended, it’s celebrated on the 1st day of Shawwal. They feast and exchange gifts.
- Eid al-Adha – Most important holiday in the Islamic Calendar because it is the day that Ibrahim was willing to sacrifice his son Isaac to God. This holiday contains a feast and animal sacrifice for food and giving presents.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Islam across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Islam worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Islam which is a monotheistic religion which means that this religion believes in only one god. The people who practice and follow Islam are called Muslims. Muslims call their god as Allah. The teachings and beliefs of Muslims are written in their holy book, the Quran, and it is believed that everything written in the Quran is the words of Allah given to Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad by angel Gabriel.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Islam Facts
- Notes About Islam
- The Holy Prophet
- Islam Vocabulary
- Coherent Narrative
- Match The Holiday
- To Practice or Not
- Five Pillars
- Notable Muslims
- Assessing Learning
- Reviewing Religion
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Link will appear as Islam Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 15, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.