Tennis Facts

Tennis Facts

Tennis is a racquet sport that can be played individually against a single opponent, known as singles, or between two teams of two players each, known as doubles. See the fact file below for more information about tennis.

  • According to most historians, the game of tennis was invented by French monks in the 11th or 12th century. They hit a ball with their hands over a rope strung across a courtyard or against the walls of the monasteries.
  • Next, players began using a glove with webbing between the fingers or a solid paddle.
  • Eventually players began using a piece of webbing attached to a handle, which became the modern day racquet.
  • The first tennis balls were made of wool or hair wrapped up in leather.
  • Tennis is a game played indoors or outdoors by two players when playing singles or four players when playing doubles.
  • Tennis is played on a level court usually made of grass, clay , concrete, or materials made for indoor use such as wood or synthetics.
  • The length of a standard tennis court is 78 feet. The width of a court differs with the type of match played there. For singles match, width of tennis court is 27 feet, and for doubles match it is 36 feet.
  • The height of the net in the middle of the tennis court is approximately three feet.
  • A player must score four points to win a game. Six games need to be won to win a set and two sets to win a match.
  • The different shots used in tennis are: forehand, backhand, serve, volley, lob and drop shot.

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