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The Sungari River (Songhua River) is positioned as the fifth longest waterway in China. It flows from the Changbai Mountains on the China-North Korea border.
See the fact file below for more information on the Sungari River or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Sungari River worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The Songhua River (Chinese pinyin: Sōnghuā Jiāng) is the biggest tributary of the Heilong River. It ranks as the fifth longest waterway in China at around 1,897 kilometers in length and covers a seepage region of 545,600 square kilometers.
- It is the biggest of the tributaries of the Amur River, which it joins underneath the Chinese town of Tongjiang, above Khabarovsk in far eastern Russia.
- The complete length of the Sungari is 1,195 miles (1,925 km). Exactly 800 miles (1,300 km) of this length navigate the Northeast (Manchurian) Plain. Its waste region is around 212,000 square miles (550,000 square km).
- The Songhua rises to the south of Heaven Lake, close to the China-North Korea fringe.
- From this point, it flows to the north and is hindered by the Baishan, Hongshi, and Fengman hydroelectric dams.
- The Fengman Dam shapes a lake that stretches for 62 kilometers (39 miles). Beneath the dam, the Second Songhua streams north through Jilin, and north-west until it is joined by its biggest tributary, the Nen River, close Da’an, to form the Songhua.
- The Songhua flows east through Harbin, and is then joined from the south by the Ashi River, and afterward by the Hulan River from the north.
- Another dam was developed in 2007 close to Bayan, forming the Dadingshan Reservoir, the name of which comes from the beautiful area on the south bank.
- The waterway streams forward through Jiamusi and south of the Lesser Xing’an Range, and ultimately joins the Amur at Tongjiang, Heilongjiang.
- The waterway freezes from late November until March. It highest flows occur when the mountain snow dissolves in spring.
- The stream can be traversed up to Harbin by medium-sized boats.
- Smaller vessels can explore the Songhua up to Jilin and the Nen River up to Qiqihar.
JILIN CHEMICAL PLANT EXPLOSION
- The Jilin compound plant saw a series of blasts on November 13, 2005.
- The event occured in the No. 101 Petrochemical Plant in Jilin City, Jilin Province, China, over a period of 60 minutes.
- Six people died in the explosion, many were wounded, and many others left the area. The blast seriously contaminated the Songhua River, with an expected 100 tons of poisons containing benzene and nitrobenzene going into the waterway. Benzene can reduce the red blood cell count and is connected to leukemia.
- The benzene level recorded was at one point multiple times above national security levels. The toxic liquid passed first on the Songhua River through a few nations and urban areas of Jilin region, including Songyuan. It entered the territory of Heilongjiang, where Harbin, the capital of the region, was thought to be the biggest city to be affected.
- Having crossed the eastern portion of Heilongjiang including the city of Jiamusi, the chemicals flowed into the Amur River at the mouth of the Songhua on the China-Russia border.
- It passed the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in Russia and the Russian area of Khabarovsk Krai in the Russian Far East, going through the urban communities of Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
- One of the failings in China’s ecological guidelines was uncovered by the Songhua spill and underlined in local and global media.
- This was seen as due to legislature’s failure to react adequately to the crisis.
- When the spill occurred, the authorization of natural insurances tumbled to provincial Environmental Protection Bureau or EPB, which worked freely from the State Environmental Protection Administration or SEPA.
- Rather than reporting straightforwardly to the SEPA, nearby EPBs worked under the authority of their neighborhood governments. Due to the attention paid to monetary improvements by these neighborhood governments, nearby EPBs were often not ready to viably implement the focal government’s approaches.
- The disconnection between policy making in the central government and local enforcement was widely recognized at the time as being a major source of confusion surrounding the Songhua spill, and correspondingly of the failure to organize an effective, population-wide response.
- Activities attempted by the Chinese government following the 2005 spill demonstrate that legislators moved rapidly to address the issue of authoritative detach.
- The government was helped by the fact that it had just started an undertaking that proposed to limit the difference in national and neighborhood governments, particularly in the region of ecological guidelines.
Sungari River Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Sungari River across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Sungari River worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Sungari River (Songhua River) which is positioned as the fifth longest waterway in China. It flows from the Changbai Mountains on the China-North Korea border.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Sungari River Facts
- I Love Sungari
- Complete Me
- A Must-Visit
- Fill It In
- Map It!
- Fifth Rank
- Rules and Regulations
- The Explosion
- Sungari Headlines
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Link will appear as Sungari River Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 24, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.