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- Venice, known also as the City of Canals, The Floating City, and Serenissima, is arguably one of Italy’s most picturesque cities.
Venice was one of the first cities in Italy to engage in international commerce. It established a maritime empire in the 1300s and a territorial empire from the early 1400s.
Venice was free and independent in its existence until it fell to Napoleon in 1797.
While many of the neighboring countries believe that Venice was ruled by democracy, the rulers were actually the nobles.
Venice became the major printing center of Italy in the 1490s, making it the Europe’s most important printing center.
Its artistry flourished as early as the 1300s and some, if not most, examples can still be seen today!
The Physical Layout:
- Venice is divided into six areas:
San Marco – popular tourist spot.
Cannaregio – mostly quiet residential area.
Castello – stretches from the tourist center to the public gardens in the east.
Dorsoduro – student and trendy part of Venice, to the west.
San Polo – a small area tucked into the top curve of the Grand Canal. It includes the busy Rialto markets.
Santa Croce – includes busy bus terminus and quiet lanes.
- There are 118 islands, 417 bridges, 177 canals and 127 squares in Venice.
- Of the 417 bridges, 72 of them are privately owned.
- The S-shaped Grand Canal is the most famous canal in Venice, and it divides the city in two.
- Of the 127 squares, Piazza San Marco, often known in English as St. Mark’s Square, is the most popular.
- There are over 450 royal residences (palazzi) in Venice. The structures are built in a variety of styles: Byzantine, Baroque, Gothic and more.
- Venice is sinking at a rate of 1-2 millimeters a year. Another challenge is the Acqua alta, a particularly high tide. It occurs in special conditions when warm winds and the moon cause a 9cm rise in water level and most of the town is flooded.
- Taking a trip to Venice and not riding a Gondola is like going to France and not seeing the Eiffel tower. These traditional and symbolic boats have been used as transport around the narrow Venetian waterways for more than 10 centuries.
- As it is a very regulated industry, there are only 350 gondolas and 400 gondoliers in Venice. A gondola is typically 11 meters long and can weigh up to 600 kg.
- According to Venetian tradition, when riding a gondola, a couple that kisses under each bridge will remain in love forever.
World Heritage Criteria:
- To qualify as a World Heritage Site, a place must meet at least one of the 10 criteria set out by UNESCO. Learn about each criterion here: http://whc.unesco.org/en/criteria/
- (I) Venice is unique in its artistic achievement. The city is built on 118 small islands composing a landscape whose imponderable beauty inspired many painters.
- (II) The influence of Venice on the development of architecture and monumental arts is considerable. Trading stations where monuments were built follow Venetian models.
- (III) This mistress of the seas is a link between the East and the West, between Islam and Christianity and lives on through thousands of monuments and vestiges of times gone by.
- (IV) Venice possesses an incomparable series of architectural ensembles from great monuments to the more modest residences of its six quarters. Including 13th century hospitals and cooperative institutions, it presents a typology of medieval architecture.
- (V) In the Mediterranean, the lagoon of Venice represents an outstanding example of a semi-lacustrine habitat, which has become vulnerable as a result of irreversible natural and climate changes.
- (VI) Venice symbolizes people’s victorious struggle against the elements as they manage a challenging natural environment. The city is also directly associated with the history of humankind.
This bundle includes 9 ready-to-use Venice worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about Venice and its lagoon situated in the Veneto region of northeast Italy. Founded in the 5th century A.D. and spread over 118 small islands, Venice became a major maritime power in the 10th century.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- WHS – Venice Facts
- Locating Venice – Mapping
- Venetian Tongue – Translation
- Venetian Gallery – Letter Jumble
- Match Up!
- Artistic Biography
- The Heritage – The Ten Criteria
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Link will appear as Venice Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 15, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
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