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Xi River, Chinese (Pinyin) Xi Jiang or (Wade-Giles romanization) Hsi Chiang (“West River”), conventional Si Kiang, is the western tributary of the Pearl River in southern China. It is formed by the confluence of the Gui and Xun Rivers in Wuzhou, Guangxi.
See the fact file below for more information on the Xi Jiang or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Xi Jiang worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- River Xi or Xi Jiang is the main western tributary of the Pearl River.
- It then flows east through Guangdong, and enters the Pearl River Delta just east of the Lingyang Gorge in Zhaoqing. The main branch of the Xi River flows southeast through the delta entering the South China Sea at Modao Men, just west of Macau. The major cities along the Xi include Wuzhou, Zhaoqing, and Jiangmen.
- The River Xi is the largest among the three main tributaries of Pearl River, and also the one that runs more than 1,300 miles before reaching the South China Sea.
- In terms of the volume of water it carries in China, the Xi River is the second largest to the famous Yangtze River.
- According to history, there was a canal called the Lingqu Canal, which connected the Xi River and the Xiang Basin, that was known to have existed in the region around two thousand years ago. It effectively helped the Pearl Delta Basin to be connected to the Yangtze River as well by way of connecting their tributaries with the canal.
- The Xi River serves as one of the western borders of the Pearl River Delta. In the past, these lands through which the River Xi passed were only coastal plain lands, but today there are several fertile alluvial islands therein as well.
- In addition to these tributaries, the Pearl River has two other tributaries in the region, namely the Dong River in the east, and the Bei River in the north.
- The Xi River, passing through the southern part of China, has made rice cultivation abundant in these parts. Apart from rice, soybeans and wheat are also commercially cultured here.
- The river has played an active role in the commercial development of the entire region, and this has helped the major Chinese cities of Wuzhou, Guangxi, Macau, and Jiangmen to develop miraculously over the years.
- The water from the River Xi has also helped in the forests to develop and provide bamboo and trees of commercial construction value to the people in these parts of the country.
BIODIVERSITY AND HABITAT
- The Xi River has long been the great source of an abundance of freshwater fish, and with this, it helped the place in expanding economically by way of allowing for commercial fisheries to exist. In fact, there are almost 380 varieties of fish subsist here in this basin, and 120 of these fish are endemic as well.
- In more recent times, due to the construction of numerous dams along the basin, many fish are becoming rare in the aquatic habitats there.
- The Xi River, found passing through the hills and mountainous terrain of southern China, offers a home to river turtles, more specifically including the native, and endangered, Big-headed River turtles.
- The construction of the Gezhouba Dam on the Yangtze near the Xi River in the 1970s and 1980s caused significant losses in the area’s Chinese Sturgeon population over the last few decades. Since the population around the riverside has increased by a great margin over the years, so has the demand for the freshwater fish there as well.
- There has been a marked depletion of the availability of fish, as already noted, in certain parts as a result. In fact, even the freshwater needed for drinking is becoming contaminated, and thus causing a shortage in meeting the demand for freshwater here.
- Sadly, the forests along the Xi are also being converted into farmlands for meeting rice demands, thereby leading to a great damage to the biological ecosystem, as well as worsening erosion, water shortages, and wildlife losses.
XI RIVER SYSTEM
- Xi River system is a system of rivers that mix to form the longest river of southern China. Together with its upper-course streams, the Xi River flows generally eastward for 1,216 miles or 1,957 kilometer from the highlands of Yunnan province to the South China Sea and drains—along with the Bei, Dong, and Pearl (Zhu) rivers—a basin with an area of 173,000 square miles or 448,000 square kilometer.
- The Xi River is shorter than the other important Chinese rivers—the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) and the Huang He (Yellow River)—but it delivers an enormous quantity of water, and it’s volume of flow is second only to that of the Yangtze. The name Xi River is more narrowly applied only to its lower course.
Xi Jiang Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Xi Jiang across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Xi Jiang worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Xi River, Chinese (Pinyin) Xi Jiang or (Wade-Giles romanization) Hsi Chiang (“West River”), conventional Si Kiang, which is the western tributary of the Pearl River in southern China. It is formed by the confluence of the Gui and Xun Rivers in Wuzhou, Guangxi.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Xi Jiang Facts
- Xi And Yangtze
- Tributaries of Pearl River
- Scope of Xi River
- Importance of Xi Jiang
- Shade The Smile
- Biodiversity in Xi Jiang
- Conflict In Xi River
- China Major River
- Xi River System
- Campaign Poster
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Link will appear as Xi Jiang Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 6, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.