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The Norse gods and goddesses are part of Norse Mythology (also known as Scandinavian Mythology) and were a key part of the Viking Culture from the 8th to the 11th Centuries. The people of Scandinavia – Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland – believed that their gods lived at the center of the Earth in a place called Asgard. Their gods were also split into three ‘clans’, called the Æsir, the Vanir and the Jötnar. See the fact files below for more information on the most important Norse gods and goddesses or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilised within the classroom or home environment.
Æsir Gods – The Main Gods of Norse Mythology
- The God of love, peace and forgiveness.
- Son of Odin, the king of the Æsir.
- Twin brother of the blind God of darkness, Höðr.
- The death of Baldur (by his brother, Höðr) is believed to have lead to the famous battle of the Gods, known as Ragnarok.
- The Goddess of motherhood, marriage and domesticity.
- The wife of Odin, the king of the Æsir.
- The most important Norse goddess.
- Has the power of prophecy (seeing into the future).
- The weekday ‘Friday’ is named after Frigg.
- A guardian God who watched over the Bifrost Bridge: the path to Asgard.
- Had a horn that he blew if Asgard was ever in danger.
- The last of the gods to die at Ragnarok.
- The blind God of darkness and winter.
- Also known as Hodor.
- Twin brother of Baldur, who he accidentally killed.
- Son of Odin and Frigg.
- The Goddess of youth and a guardian.
- Guards the golden apples that the gods must eat in order to survive until Ragnarok.
- Wife of Bragi, the God of poetry.
- The God of mischief and trickery.
- Also known as the Lord of Lies because of his ability to shapeshift.
- Often got himself into trouble and was responsible for cutting off Sif’s hair, helping Thor to rescue his hammer, stealing Frejya’s necklace and tricking a giant into building huge walls around Asgard.
- As punishment, Loki was bound to a rock until Ragnarok
- The God of war and death.
- King of the Æsir.
- The most important God in Norse mythology.
- Married to Frigg, the goddess of motherhood and domesticity.
- Famously rode an 8-legged horse called Sleipnir, who was the son of Loki when he had shapeshifted into the form of a mare.
- Odin is heavily associated with practising magic.
- He had 2 ravens, Hugin and Munin, which told him what was happening in the world.
- Odin only has one eye because he sacrificed the other to drink from the fountain of wisdom.
- He gives his name to the weekday ‘Wednesday’.
- The Goddess of homes and crops.
- Married to Thor, the God of thunder.
- Famous for having hair made of gold.
- Her hair was chopped off by Loki as a prank, and Thor made him get the hair re-made.
- The God of thunder and a guardian of Asgard.
- The son of Odin, the king of the Æsir.
- One of the most powerful gods in Norse mythology.
- It was believed that Thor travelled in a chariot pulled by goats.
- Famous for causing thunderclaps using his hammer, Mjolnir.
- The weekday ‘Thursday’ is named after Thor.
- The God of single-handed combat.
- Týr is famous for only having one hand, which was bitten off by the wolf Fenrir.
- The God of hunting and winter.
- Son of Sif and stepson of Thor.
- Married to Skadi, the Goddess of winter.
- Associated with skiing, as he was famous for leave trails across the sky.
- The God of revenge and silence.
- Son of Odin and a giantess named Grid.
- Responsible for killing the wolf, Fenrir, at Ragnarok.
Vanir Gods – The Peace-Loving Gods of Norse Mythology
- The Goddess of love, beauty and fertility.
- A warrior goddess who collects the souls of heroes when she goes into battle.
- Daughter of Njord and twin sister of Freyr.
- The most loved Norse goddess.
- Is responsible for deciding where the souls of heroes, collected by the Valkyries, will sit in the Room of Seats.
- Rode a chariot pulled by big blue cats.
- The God of prosperity and fertility.
- Twin brother of Freyja and son of Njord.
- Famous for carrying a magical sword.
- The first god to lose at Ragnarok when he fell in love with a giantess.
- Freyr is the patron god of Sweden.
- The God of sea and waves.
- Father of the twins Freyja and Freyr.
- Married to Skadi, the Goddess of winter, after she picked him out of a line-up of feet.
- However, Skadi missed her other husband, Ull, and often left Njord to go back to him.
- When Njord was sad, he would cause storms out at sea.
- A relatively unknown god, but famous for being the husband of Freyja.
- Went away on long journeys and caused Freyja to cry golden tears.
- The Goddess of winter, hunting and skiing.
- Married to Njord and Ull.
- Was tricked into marrying Njord when she picked his feet out of a line-up.
Other Significant Norse Gods and Goddesses
- Auðr – the God of prosperity.
- Dagr – the God of days.
- Dellingr – the God of dawn.
- Hel – the Goddess of Helheim (the underworld).
- Jörð – the Goddess of the Earth.
- Magni – the God of strength.
- Máni – the God of the moon.
- Nótt – the Goddess of night.
- Ran – the Goddess of storms at sea.
- Sjöfn – the Goddess of love.
- Vili and Vé – brothers of Odin and creators of the world.
- Vör – the Goddess of wisdom.
Jötnar – The Norse Giants and Giantesses
Little is known about the giants and giantesses from Norse mythology, but they were common features of Norse poetry and stories. The names of hundreds of different Norse giants have been recorded.
Examples of Norse giants and giantesses include:
Norse Gods and Goddesses Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Norse Gods and Goddesses Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Norse gods and goddesses who were part of Norse Mythology (also known as Scandinavian Mythology) and were a key part of the Viking Culture from the 8th to the 11th Centuries.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- NORSE MYTHOLOGY FACTS:
- Aesir gods- The main gods
- Aesir Gods Activity
- Nordic World
- NORSE MYTHOLOGY FACTS:
- Vanir gods- The peace-loving gods
- Mythological Comparison
NORSE MYTHOLOGY FACTS:
- Jötnar – The Norse Giants and Giantesses
- Other Known Gods
- Loki’s Sin
- Key Answers
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Link will appear as Norse Gods and Goddesses Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 12, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.