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In 1620, the Pilgrims from England boarded the Mayflower ship going to Plymouth. In American colonial history, Plymouth was the first permanent settlement in New England. After the first successful harvest, the colonists celebrated with a three-day thanksgiving festival.
See the fact file below for more facts about The Mayflower and it’s historic journey or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Mayflower was an English merchant cargo ship usually carrying wine and dry goods. In September 1620, the Mayflower set sail to Plymouth with 102 passengers.
- Numerous passengers were Protestant Separatists called the “Saints.” Some of the colonists were regarded as “Pilgrims.”
- In 1608, prior to the Mayflower, a congregation of separatist English Protestants left the Scrooby village, Nottinghamshire, and moved to Leyden, Holland. The Separatists called themselves the “Saints.”
- The Separatists found religious freedom in Holland yet they faced difficulty in their secular life.
- William Bradford, a Separatists leader, noticed that Holland’s atmosphere was dangerous for Saints’ children.
- In search for a new settlement, Separatists returned to London to plan their migrations towards the New World. Upon the approval of the King of England, they agreed on the plantation settlement from the Virginia Company.
- In August 1620, merchant ships Speedwell and Mayflower set sail from England with nearly 40 Saints and secular colonists known as the Strangers.
- On August 15, 1620, the Speedwell leaked, leaving Mayflower to set sail alone. Mayflower’s journey became unpleasant due to heavy storms.
- After two months, Mayflower reached the New World. They arrived in a wrong location where they found an abandoned Indian village.
- Their original destination was in the area of the present Hudson River but on November 21, they landed in Cape Cod, now Provincetown, Massachusetts.
- In order to establish a legitimate colony, Saints and Strangers drafted and signed the Mayflower Compact. The compact contains Plymouth’s (name of the colony) allegiance to the King of England and the creation of the “civil body politick.”
- The Mayflower sailed back to England in April 1621. Nearly 53 passengers and half of the crew survived winter. More than half of the Plymouth colonists died of malnutrition, disease, and abrupt change in weather.
- Samoset, an English speaking Pawtuxet helped the colonists to make agreements with the native Wampanoags. The native people taught them how to hunt wild animals and plant vegetables such as corn, squash, and beans. At the end of the summer, Plymouth celebrated their first three-day Thanksgiving because of a successful harvest.
- Soon, the Plymouth colonists were included into the Puritan Massachusetts Bay colony. Meanwhile, the Mayflower Saints and their lineage continued to be influential to the Christian world.
- In 1957, a replica of the Mayflower was built in England and sailed to Massachusetts to commemorate the historic voyage.
“As one candle may light a thousand, so the light here kindled hath shone to many, yea in some sort to our whole nation”
The Mayflower Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use The Mayflower Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The Mayflower which In 1620, the Pilgrims from England boarded going to Plymouth. In American colonial history, Plymouth was the first permanent settlement in New England.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- The Mayflower Facts
- Mapping the Voyage
- Notable People
- A Whole New World
- First Thanksgiving
- Who are the Wampanoags?
- The Mayflower
- SPS: Saints, Pilgrims, and Strangers
- The Mayflower Compact
- Says William Bradford
- Today’s Thanksgiving
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Link will appear as The Mayflower Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 10, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.