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The Second Great Awakening was a 19th century Christian revivalist movement which was characterized by enthusiastic preachers gathering huge camp meetings to persuade and rejuvenate people’s faith in religion.
Keep reading for the comprehensive on site fact file detailing the Second Great Awakening or download our entire worksheet bundle to teach in the home or classroom environment.
- The Second Great Awakening started in New England, Kentucky, New York, and Tennessee in 1800. Huge religious camp meetings were organized with latent functions of trading and social gathering.
- The first large Christian revivalist camp meeting was held in Kentucky during the presidency of John Adams.
- The two Great Awakenings were the reactions of the church to the growing intellectual milieu of the people brought by the Enlightenment era and Industrial Revolution. In addition, people were more concerned about the westward expansion of American territories after the revolutionary war.
- In 1801, the Cane Ridge Revival was a famous gathering of approximately 20,000-25,000 people. The revival focused on recruiting and converting people to different denominations, such as the Congregationalists, Anglicans, Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists, which exponentially grew in numbers.
- Camp meetings spread across the Northern and Southern states of America but had different interpretations. The Northern states developed the ideas of socialist reform, equality and volunteerism, which later on ignited the Abolitionist Movement. In contrast, the Southern white preachers began to convince the people that slavery was supported by Biblical scriptures.
- In 1776, evangelist, Charles Finney, called the western part of New York the “burnt-over district” because everyone had converted to Christianity.
- In 1816, the American Bible Society was established along with religious movements such as the Mormons (1830), Adventists (1832), and Jehovah Witnesses (1870). The members of the Methodist and Baptist Church grew rapidly after the awakening.
- Influenced by religious faith, political and social reform movements were also formed. Some are the Women’s Rights Movement, Abolitionist Movement, and Temperance Movement outlawing the sale of alcohol.
- Some of the famous people during the Second Great Awakening were Charles Finney (the leading revivalist), Lyman Beecher (a New England Clergyman), Joseph Smith (president of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), and Harry Hosier (a slave turned preacher)
- The Second Great Awakening also gave way to women and African Americans having leadership roles in the church.
The Second Great Awakening Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Second Great Awakening Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The Second Great Awakening which was a 19th century Christian revivalist movement which was characterized by enthusiastic preachers gathering huge camp meetings to persuade and rejuvenate people’s faith in religion.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- The Second Great Awakening Facts
- The Revival Word Search
- Color Your Heart
- Religious Denominations
- Slavery from North to South
- The Preachers
- Role of Women
- Religion and Politics
- Cause and Effect
- The Revival Story
- Religions Today
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