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Understanding base ten involves understanding the ones and tens place values. For adults, learning base ten is an easy task, as adults often use numbers greater than 10. For young learners, though, learning base ten is a hard task. Below are some strategies on how to teach base ten to young learners.
See the fact file below for more information on the numbers in base ten or alternatively, you can download our 29-page Numbers in Base Ten worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
TENS AND ONES
- Two-digit numbers are composed of the tens place value and the ones place value.
- To understand tens and ones, ask some questions.
- How many 10s are there?
- How many 1s are there?
- One of the easiest way for young learners to understand base ten is by grouping objects.
- Ask the young learner to enclose 10 bananas.
- The enclosed 10 bananas represent the tens place. Therefore, the first digit of the number is 1.
- The remaining 2 bananas represent the ones place. Therefore, the 2nd digit of the number is 2.
- Therefore, the total number of bananas is 12.
- Another way to teach base ten to young learners is to let them convert the number to objects or visual representations.
- There are 14 blank ducks. Let the young learner color 10 of them blue and color 4 of them yellow.
- Explain that the blue ducks represent the tens place, while the yellow ducks represent the ones place.
- Therefore the first digit is 1, and the second digit is 4. Therefore, there are a total of 14 ducks.
COMPOSITION AND DECOMPOSITION
- Given the previous example with 10 blue ducks and 4 yellow ducks, use the idea of addition to compose or decompose the two numbers in order to create a single two-digit number or vice versa.
- Two-digit numbers can be broken down into how the number of tens plus the number of ones, as seen below.To better understand this, go back to the idea of basic addition using the number line.
- Remember that the final number on the right of the number line is the total number of objects. Therefore, reading the number line above, 10 + 4 is equal to 14. Therefore, if there is 1 “ten” and 4 “ones”, the number it represents is 14.
- Composition and decomposition is just a way of identifying how many “tens” and “ones” are in a given number. The “tens” indicate the first digit of a two-digit number, while the “ones” indicate the second digit.
Numbers in Base Ten Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the numbers in base ten across 29 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Numbers in Base Ten worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the base ten which involves understanding the ones and tens place values. For adults, learning base ten is an easy task, as adults often use numbers greater than 10. For young learners, though, learning base ten is a hard task. Below are some strategies on how to teach base ten to young learners.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Lesson Plan
- Numbers in Base Ten
- The Blocks
- Banana Grouping
- Count in Tens
- Tens and Ones
- Coloring Time
- Complete Them
- Compare the Two
- Words to Numbers
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Link will appear as Numbers in Base Ten Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 3, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.