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Roman numerals are a special way of representing numbers with dedicated symbols. We call them Roman numerals because Ancient Romans introduced this method for displaying and describing numbers. They used letters instead of numbers in their counting system. The system is as old as 2,000 years ago.
See the fact file below for more information on the roman numerals or alternatively, you can download our 28-page Roman Numerals worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. This worksheet is broken down by Beginner, intermediate and advanced meaning you can choose the complexity level for your student.
Key Facts & Information
- Roman Numerals were used by the Ancient Romans as their numbering system.
- This system uses letters (alphabets) instead of numbers.
- This system only uses the letters I, V, X, L, C, D, M and these letters are added and subtracted to make different whole numbers.
What are Roman numerals?
- Roman numerals are a special way of representing numbers with dedicated symbols.
- We call them Roman numerals because Ancient Romans introduced this method for displaying and describing numbers.
- They used letters instead of numbers in their counting system. The system is as old as 2,000 years ago. But we still use their system today in certain areas.
- The system is used to write the names of royal people such as kings and queens, or popes.
- Roman numerals are used for ranking as I, II, III, etc. , in writing classroom numbers or showing the school classes as VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, etc.
- Often they are used for writing the numbers on clocks as well.
How Roman numerals are represented?
- Roman numerals do not have the number zero and there are only few letters that are used.
- The following are the letters used in Roman numerals to represent different numbers:
- There are seven letters in total. Each letter in this system represents a numbers.
- When we use combination of these letters we can cover the whole number system.
- Any number can be represented using roman numerals.
- I is equal to 1, V is equal to 5, X is equal to 10, L is equal to 50, C is equal to 100, D is equal to 500 and M is equal to 1000.
- When we want to write numbers other than these seven numbers we use combinations of the above seven letters.
- The table below shows the list of first 30 Roman numerals:
- If we are given a combination of letters we can follow some simple rules to understand what the letters represent.
- First we should be familiar with some of the basic rules.
- You cannot have more than three of the same numbers (alphabets) besides M representing a single number.
Example: I is one, II is two, III is three but IIII is not four.
- You have to find the the largest value letter with in a number and then apply the following steps:
We add the numbers on the right side of this number.
Example : XI is 10 + 1 = 11
We subtract the numbers on the left side of this number.
Example : IX is 10 – 1 = 9
Importance of Roman numerals
- We use and see these numbers in our everyday life. We see them in books, newspapers, documents, clocks etc.
- They help us develop number sense.
- By learning Roman numeral we can improve our mental math skill.
- Which numbers do the following Roman numerals represent:
V is the largest value letter so :5+1+1+1=8
X is the largest value letter so : 10-1=9
X is the largest value letter so : 10+1+1+1=13
X is the largest value letter so : 10+1+1+1+1+1=15
X is the largest value letter so : 10+10+10+5+1+1+1=38
L is the largest value letter so : 50+1+1+1-10=43
L is the largest value letter so : 50+1+1+1=53
C is the largest value letter so : 100+1+1=102
- Another common example to learn Roman numerals is by using clocks that have Roman numerals written on them. Below is a picture of such a clock:
- A simple clock has digits from 1 to 12. A Clock with Roman numerals has numerals from I to XII.
I represents 1
II represents 2
III represents 3
IV represents 4
V represents 5
VI represents 6
VII represents 7
VIII represents 8
IX represents 9
X represents 10
XI represents 11
XII represents 12
Roman Numerals Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Roman numerals across 28 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Roman Numerals worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Roman numerals which are a special way of representing numbers with dedicated symbols. We call them Roman numerals because Ancient Romans introduced this method for displaying and describing numbers. They used letters instead of numbers in their counting system. The system is as old as 2,000 years ago.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Worksheet 1 (Beginner)
- Worksheet 2 (Beginner)
- Worksheet 3 (Beginner)
- Worksheet 4 (Beginner
- Worksheet 5 (Intermediate)
- Worksheet 6 (Intermediate)
- Worksheet 7 (Intermediate)
- Worksheet 8 (Intermediate)
- Worksheet 9 (Advance)
- Worksheet 10 (Advance)
- Worksheet 11 (Advance)
- Worksheet 12 (Advance)
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Link will appear as Roman Numerals Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 6, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.