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The Cheyenne are one of the Indigenous peoples of the Great Plains and their language is of the Algonquian language family. The Cheyenne comprise two Native American tribes, the Só’taeo’o or Só’taétaneo’o and the Tsétsêhéstâhese.
Below are some interesting facts and further information on the Cheyenne tribe or alternatively you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Cheyenne (Shy-ann) comes from the Dakota Sioux name for the Cheyennes, Sahiyenan, which may mean “relatives of the Cree.” In their own language, the Cheyenne call themselves Tsitsistas, “the people.”
- The capital of Wyoming is named after this tribe, and so are the Cheyenne river (also found in Wyoming and South Dakota) and the Sheyenne River (in North Dakota).
- The tribe belongs to the Great Plains of Native American cultural group (as shown on the map above) in the states of Minnesota, Montana, Oklahoma, and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, and South Dakota.
- The Cheyenne Indians lived in tent-like homes called tepees. These tepees are constructed from wooden poles, covered with weather-proof animal skins such as buffalo hides. It was cone-shaped, with flaps for entrances, rounded at the base and narrowing to an open smoke hole at the top. One tepee is equivalent to one family unit.
- Due to the tribe’s location on the great plains, hunting was their main form of living. This provided them with food and materials for clothing, tools, weapons and their homes.
- Their food also included roots and wild vegetables such as spinach, prairie turnips and potatoes and wild herbs.
- Men’s clothes worn by Cheyenne Indians consisted of breechcloths, fringed buckskin tunics or shirts and leggings, warm buffalo robes and long, beaded and feathered war bonnets that symbolize courage, honor and accomplishment.
- Women’s clothes worn by Cheyenne Indians were knee-length dresses and leggings and buffalo robes. Like men, dresses symbolize tribal identity and family values. They also wore their hair into two thick braids decorated with beads.
- In the 1800s, the U.S. government forced the Cheyennes to move to Oklahoma, but some escaped and fled north into Montana. These later on contribute to the two Cheyenne tribes, one in Oklahoma and the other in Montana.
- Both tribes share a tribe with their allies, the Southern Arapaho. The tribe is autonomous, has its own government, laws, police, and services, just like a small county. Only the north Cheyenne tribe have their own reservation (land which belongs to them and is legally under their control). The Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho live on trust lands, in Western Oklahoma towns.
Cheyenne Tribe Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Cheyenne Tribe Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Cheyenne who are one of the Indigenous peoples of the Great Plains and their language is of the Algonquian language family.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Cheyenne Facts
- The Cheyenne Indians
- Tepee I
- Tepee II
- Cheyenne Dog Soldiers
- Mythology I
- Mythology II
- Greatest Cheyenne I
- Greatest Cheyenne II
- Greatest Cheyenne III
- Neighboring Tribes
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Link will appear as Cheyenne Tribe Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 23, 2017
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