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James Monroe was the Fifth President of the United States (1817-1825). His two term presidency was also known as the “Era of Good Feelings” after the War of 1812, where America emerged victorious. In 1853, the Monroe Doctrine was named after him, although it was predominantly authored by his successor John Quincy Adams. He was the last President of the “Virginia Dynasty”.
- On April 28, 1758, James Monroe was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia and was the son of Spence Monroe and Elizabeth Jones. In 1774, he entered the College of William and Mary and by 1775, he had joined the 3rd Regiment of Virginia during the American Revolutionary War.
- He became an officer of the Continental Army a year later and after the war, he studied law under Thomas Jefferson. On February 16, 1786, he married Elizabeth Kortright with whom he had 3 children.
- His political career started in 1782 when he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates and participated in the Continental Congress from 1783 to 1786.
- He joined the Democratic-Republican Party after being elected to the U.S Senate. In 1794, he was the minister to France and upon returning to Virginia, he was elected Governor from 1799 to 1802. He helped Robert R. Livingston with the Louisiana Purchase negotiation in France.
- In 1811, he was appointed by President Madison to be the Secretary of State, and Secretary of War three years later.
James Monroe’s Presidency
- On March 4, 1817, James Monroe took his oath as the 5th President of the United States at the Old Brick Capitol (now Supreme Court building). Daniel D. Tompkins was his vice president for two terms.
- During the first year of his administration, President Monroe negotiated the demilitarization of Britain in the Great Lakes under the Rush-Bagot Treaty. A year later, he led the agreement between the American government and Britain for the joint occupancy of the Oregon territory. In addition to that, the Florida Treaty was negotiated with Spain which set boundaries between the U.S territories and New Mexico.
- The Panic of 1819 was a huge economic turmoil during Monroe’s administration, as the United states faced depression combined with diminishing imports and exports and deflation on agricultural products.
- The Missouri Compromise of 1820 was signed by the president allowing Missouri to join the Union as a slave state while Maine was a free state. During his term, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, Maine, and Missouri were admitted to the Union.
- On December 2, 1823, the Monroe Doctrine was announced. The policy was dominantly written by John Quincy Adams, his Secretary of State, and it stated that the newly liberated countries in Latin America should not be colonized by any European nation.
- He supported the return of the freed slaves to their mother continent – Africa, and by 1822, the ship of freed slaves arrived in Cape Mesurado. A few years later, it was renamed “Monrovia” in honor of Monroe. It is the capital city of the present day Republic of Liberia.
Post-Presidency & Death
- In 1829, he became the President of the Virginia Constitutional Convention, his last political stint.
- He spent his post-presidency days at the small estate in Monroe Hill, or in the Highlands, both of which were later sold to pay off his debts. His finances was unstable, however he was paid by the federal government for his service as a veteran of the Revolutionary War.
- On July 4, 1831, he died from heart failure and tuberculosis and in 1858, his body was moved to the President’s Circle in Virginia. He was the third U.S President to die during the Declaration of Independence anniversary as Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died within hours of each other in 1826.
James Monroe Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use James Monroe Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about James Monroe who was the Fifth President of the United States (1817-1825). His two term presidency was also known as the “Era of Good Feelings” after the War of 1812, where America emerged victorious.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- James Monroe Facts
- The Fifth President
- All About the Continental Army
- The Virginia Dynasty
- The Cabinet Crossword
- Monroe’s Timeline
- Missouri Compromise of 1820
- Mapping the Union
- Last of the Cocked Hats
- The Monroe Doctrine
- What I Learned
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Link will appear as James Monroe Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 16, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.