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James “Jimmy” Carter was the 39th President of the United States (1977-1981). He was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. See the fact file below for more information on President Jimmy Carter or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- James Earl Carter, Jr. was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia, and was one of the five children of James Earl Carter and Bessie William Gordy. In 1941, Jimmy graduated from Plains High School as class valedictorian, and subsequently studied for a year at Georgia Southwestern College in Americus, Georgia, before transferring to the Georgia Institute of Technology where he studied from 1942 to 1943. He joined the U.S Naval Academy in 1943 and stayed until 1947. After his graduation, Carter worked for the U.S. Navy nuclear submarine program until his discharge in 1953.
- On July 7, 1946, he married Eleanor Rosalynn Smith, with whom he eventually had four children.
- In December 1952, Carter was the officer-in-charge at the time of a partial meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Atomic Energy of Canada’s Chalk River Laboratories.
- In July 1953 Carter’s father died, which led him to take over the family peanut farm in Plains.
- In 1955, he was elected to the Sumter County Board of Education. His political career started when he was elected to the Georgia State Senate in 1962 where he served until 1967. Carter ran for the governorship of Georgia in 1966, but lost. He ran again in 1970 and won. Governor Carter served until 1975, and as governor, he appointed numerous African-Americans to state government positions as part of his fight against racial segregation. In addition to this, he was able to reduce the number of state agencies by merging several small agencies with bigger ones, in order to make the state government more manageable and more efficient.
- During the 1976 election, he was nominated by the Democratic Party as their presidential candidate with running mate Walter F. Mondale. He won with 50.1% of the popular vote and the majority of the electoral votes.
Jimmy Carter’s Presidency:
- On January 20, 1977, Jimmy Carter took his oath as the 39th President of the United States at the East Portico in the U.S Capitol.
- President Carter inherited the country’s high inflation, recession, and energy crisis.
- In February 1977, Carter signed the Emergency Natural Gas Act which gave him the power to regulate the price of natural gas.
- By August, the Department of Energy had been created after he signed the Department of Energy Organization Act.
- On September 7, 1977, Carter signed the Torrijos-Carter Treaties in Washington, D.C. which aimed to control the Panama Canal Zone. Originally it was under the United States, but the treaties ensured that Panama would gain control after 1999.
- In September 1978, President Carter became the mediator between Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel and President Anwar El Sadat of Egypt, at Camp David. By the 17th, the two leaders had signed the Camp David Accords which led to the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty.
- In October 1978, he signed the Airline Deregulation Act which removed the power of the government to control airline fares, routes, and entry of new airlines.
- The Law H.R 5860, also known as the Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act, was signed in January 1979, bailing out the Chrysler Corporation.
- In June 1979, SALT II or the second Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty was signed along with the Soviet Union. It sought to reduce the manufacturing and development of nuclear weapons.
- On October 17, 1979, he signed a bill creating the Department of Education.
- A number of U.S military personnel were killed after the “Desert One” mission, in which they were trying to rescue 66 American hostages being held by Iranian students in the U.S Embassy in Tehran. It was only on January 20, 1981, Carter’s last day in office, that they were released.
- In December 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan which negated the SALT II agreement. As a response, Carter boycotted the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.
- The National Energy Act of 1978 was signed in response to the energy crisis. It was a package law consisting of the Energy Tax Act, the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act, and the National Energy Conservation Policy Act.
- Carter ran for reelection in 1980 but lost to Republican Ronald Reagan.
- In 1982, Carter together with Emory University, created the Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia. It served as an unofficial ambassador trying to resolve international disputes and conflicts in the Middle East, Africa, and North Korea.
- On October 1, 1986, the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum was opened.
- In 1994, Carter went to North Korea on behalf of President Bill Clinton to urge Kim II-Sung to dismantle its nuclear weapons program. The Agreed Framework was signed in
- October 1994 after Carter’s successful negotiation. In the same year, he travelled to Haiti with General Colin Powell and Senator Sam Nunn. They met the military official who had overthrown the Haitian President in a coup d’etat in 1991. The mission was to restore the power to President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
- Carter became the negotiator between the Presidents of Uganda and Sudan regarding the conflict in northern Uganda, and the Nairobi Agreement was successfully signed on December 8, 1999.
- In May 2002, he went to Cuba and met Fidel Castro, making him the first U.S President to visit the country after the Cuban Revolution in 1959. In the same year, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to find peaceful resolutions in international conflicts.
Jimmy Carter Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Jimmy Carter Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about James “Jimmy” Carter who was the 39th President of the United States (1977-1981). He was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Jimmy Carter Facts
- President Malaise
- Carter Travels
- Cabinet Members
- Peace Treaties
- What’s the Problem?
- Nobel Peace Prize
- Acts for America
- Cartoon Analysis
- Carter Administration
- Be One of The Elders
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Link will appear as President Jimmy Carter Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 25, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.