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Vladimir Lenin, widely known as “Lenin,” was a Russian revolutionary thinker and politician. He served his country as the head of Government from 1917 to 1924. Russia and the Soviet Union became a one-party communist state, headed by the Russia Communist Party. He was known for his own idea of communism, a variant or type of “Marxism,” known as “Leninism.” After his death, his ideas then became known as “Marxism-Leninism.”
See the fact file below for more information on the Vladimir Lenin or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Vladimir Lenin worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, widely known as Vladimir Lenin, was born on April 22, 1870 in Simbirsk, Russian Empire.
- His childhood nickname was “Volodya”, which was a shortened version of his name.
- He was born to Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov, who came from a family of serfs, and a well educated woman named Maria Alexandrovna Blank.
- The ethnicity of his father remains unclear – historians’ speculations suggest that he was Russian, Chuvash, Mordvin, or Kalmyk.
- His father studied physics and mathematics, then taught at Kazan Imperial University before teaching at the Penza Institute for Nobility, resulting in his rise from lower to middle class.
- His mother came from a prosperous family.
- Being a Lutheran by upbringing, her mother Maria was indifferent to Christianity, influencing her children’s beliefs.
Education and Activism
- Vladimir Lenin was a well-educated man, and studied law at Kazan University, yet he was expelled from the school after three months.
- In August 1887, just after entering Kazan University, Lenin joined a society that represented people from a specific region, and he became part of a zemlyachestvo.
- Lenin was elected as its representative to the university’s zemlyachestvo council, in which he took part in demonstrations against government restrictions banning student societies.
- Being arrested and accused as a ringleader in the demonstration, Lenin was then expelled from the university.
- He was not only expelled, but also exiled from his family at the Kokushkino Estate by the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- The Ministry only allowed him to go back to Kazan after being convinced by his concerned mother who possessed a noble reputation.
- In 1980, his mother also persuaded the authorities to permit Lenin to take an exam at the University of St Petersburg.
- His graduation happened coincidentally with the death of his sister Olga, due to typhoid fever.
- Nevertheless, Lenin finished and obtained his first degree with honors.
Lenin and Marxism
- After joining Nikolai Fedoseev’s revolutionary circle, he discovered Karl Marx’s Capital.
- Capital by Karl Marx is a book that caught his interests and sparked his fascination with Marxism.
- In 1889, Lenin produced a Russian translation of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel’s The Communist Manifesto, a political pamphlet originally written in 1848.
- Lenin devoted himself greatly to radical politics.
- He formulated ideas on how Marxism could be applied to Russia.
- Lenin moved to St. Petersburg in 1893 and worked as a barrister or a lawyer’s assistant.
- He rose to a position in a Marxist revolutionary cell called the “Social-Democrats.”
- In 1894, 200 copies of a political tract written by Lenin entitled What the “Friends of the People” Are and How They Fight the Social-Democrats, criticising agrarian-socialists. They were illegally printed.
- He was one of the 40 activists charged with sedition due to distributing illegal political materials.
- Although Lenin denied all charges against him, he remained imprisoned for a year before sentencing.
- He spent this time writing and theorising.
- In February 1897, he was sentenced to three years’ exile in eastern Siberia.
- He then finished his longest book, The Development of Capitalism in Russia (1899), criticising the agrarian-socialists while promoting a Marxist analysis of Russian economic development.
- Vladimir Lenin was known for being a devout Marxist.
- His Marxist worldview made him believe in and stand for pure communism, where society would be classless and more egalitarian.
- He believed that people must be free from exploitation and that everyone deserves the right to control their own destiny according to their abilities and needs.
- He believed that society cannot be directly transformed by turning to communism, but first, it must become a socialist state.
- His first concern was how to turn Russia into a socialist state.
- Although greatly influenced by Marx, his own ideas were not only the result of Russian Marxist theory alone, but also by wider ideas from the Russian revolutionary movement.
- In March of 1923, Lenin suffered from a stroke.
- The stroke took his ability to speak, and he experienced partial paralysis on his right side and began exhibiting sensory aphasia.
- His health continued to decline, and on January 21, 1924, Vladimir Lenin fell into a coma and died.
Vladimir Lenin Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Vladimir Lenin across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Vladimir Lenin worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Vladimir Lenin, widely known as “Lenin”, who was a Russian revolutionary thinker and politician.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Vladimir Lenin Facts
- Being Vladimir
- From School To Streets
- Timeline Check
- Lenin’s Crossword
- Belief Cartoons
- The Communist Manifesto
- Leninism Pros and Cons
- Communist Leaders
- Radical Wall
- Lenin’s Legacy
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Use With Any Curriculum
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