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The Wampanoag Indians were original natives from the territory of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. They befriended the Pilgrims who established the settlement of Plymouth in New England. The first three-day thanksgiving feast was celebrated with them.
Below are some interesting facts and further information on the Wampanoag Indian or alternatively you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Wampanoag is pronounced as Wawm-pah-naw-ahg, which means Easterners or People of the Dawn. They were semi-sedentary people with fixed sites and seasonal movements. They spoke Wopanaak, that belongs to the Algonquian language.
- In 16th century, Wampanoags had early contacts with the Europeans in terms of trading through fishing boats. In 1620, Protestant Separatists from England took the Mayflower voyage and established the first English settlement in New England known as the Plymouth.
- Group of Saints and Strangers now known as Pilgrims were taught by the Wampanoags how to cultivate squash, beans, and corn.
- In addition, Wampanoag Indians guided the Pilgrims in how to catch and process fish and other seafood. These skills enabled the Pilgrims to survive their first winter.
- After 1630, expansion of the Puritan population near Boston threatened the Pilgrims and natives. Unlike the Pilgrims, Puritans were less likely to cooperate and be friends with the Native Indians. Until the mid-1600s, the Indian population continued to decline due to epidemics and new infectious diseases brought by the colonists. Some of them hid in the swamps.
- The Wampanoag Indians were part of a loose confederacy composed of several tribes such as the Aquinnah (Gay Head), Mashpee, Nauset, Natick, Pokanoket, Chappaquiddick, Patuxet, and Nantuckets. All these tribes shared a common language, history, and culture but their villages had autonomous governments.
- They lived in small, round houses called wetus or wigwams. Wampanoag men were hunters, fishermen, and sometimes warriors. Women in the tribe managed the childcare, cooking, and farming. Only men were hailed as chiefs.
- Both Wampanoag men and women wore deerskin mantles during winter. Women wore knee-length skirts while men used breechcloths with leggings. Moccasins were worn as footwear for both sexes. Unlike the Sioux, they did not wear long headdresses, instead they used a beaded headband with a feather or two.
- Tribal tattoos and face paint identified a warrior. Men usually wore their hair in a mohawk style or scalplock.
- Dugout wooden canoes were used for transportation and sea fishing. Hunters were equipped with bows and arrows, and heavy wooden clubs. Nets and bone hooks were useful for fishermen.
- Arts and crafts were important in Wampanoag cultural life. Their basket weaving, wood carving, and beadwork became famous. Crafting wampum (white and purple shell beads) were Wampanoag artists’ specialty. Wampum beads were traded as a form currency and an art material.
- Using wampum beads, Wampanoags traded with other Native American tribes such as the Mohicans, Mohegans, and Delaware Indians.
- The Wampanoag Nation has their own reservation on Martha’s Vineyard. They practice their own law, rules, government, and practices but they also obey American law since they are U.S. citizens.
- Today, the Wampanoag tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) and Mashpee Wampanoag tribe are the two federally recognized tribes comprising the Wampanoag people.
Wampanoag Indians Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Wampanoag Indians Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Wampanoag Indians who were original natives from the territory of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. They befriended the Pilgrims who established the settlement of Plymouth in New England.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Wampanoag Indians Facts
- Mapping Native American Indians
- Famous Wampanoag Indians
- The Pilgrims and Thanksgiving
- To Martha’s Vineyard
- Wampanoag Nation
- The Three Sisters
- Wampanoag Life
- Gay Head and Mashpee Wampanoag
- Songs of Gratitude
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Link will appear as Wampanoag Indians Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 25, 2018
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These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.