Afghanistan Facts

Afghanistan Facts

Afghanistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in Central Asia and South Asia. It has a population of approximately 31 million people and is the 42nd most populated country in the world. See the fact file below for more information about Afghanistan.

Capital

Kabul

Population

26,813,057 (July 2001 est.)

Area

647,500 sq km, slightly smaller than Texas

Location

A landlocked country located approximately in the center of Asia.
It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the south and west, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in the north, and China in the far northeast

Government

No functioning central government,
administered by factions

Money
Afghani (AFA)

Climate

Arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

Languages
Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

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