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Colombia, known officially as the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru. See the fact file below for more information about Colombia or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
41,008,227 (July 2002 est.)
total: 1,138,910 sq km
land: 1,038,700 sq km
note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and Serranilla Bank
water: 100,210 sq km, slightly less than three times the size of Montana
Type of Government
republic; executive branch dominates government structure
Colombian peso (COP)
tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
See the fact file below for more information on Colombia or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
History of Columbia
- Indigenous tribes inhabited Colombia in 12,500 BC, and the two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca peoples, and they were both ruled by a chief.
- The Spanish were the first Europeans to arrive, and they founded the first settlement of Santa Maria in 1525.
- In the decades that followed, several other Spanish conquistadors would establish various settlements.
- It was during this time that Europeans began to bring slaves over from Africa.
- In 1739, Great Britain declared war on Spain; the trading port city of Cartagena on the Caribbean coast was a major objective for Spain to capture.
- Spain was victorious in holding the area, and it was this event that solidified the Spanish presence and dominance in the area until the late 18th century.
- The Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886.
- Colombia has influences from Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, and the Middle East; it has a vibrant music scene and a wide variety of art and architectural styles due to its various cultural influences.
- Popular sports in Colombia include soccer, baseball, and boxing.
- Colombian dishes and ingredients vary greatly by region. Popular dishes typically include assorted legumes, beef, goat, and seafood.
- Colombia is one of the world’s largest consumers of fruit juices; it is said that stands selling juice are found throughout Colombia.
Geography and Climate of Colombia
- Colombia is divided into 6 different regions:
1. Andean Region: Where the majority of Colombia’s population live. The climate varies greatly depending on altitude.
2. Pacific Region: Located on the west coast of Colombia. Humidity is high and the area receives an abundance of precipitation, which support the various rivers located within the region. The economy is based on various things, such as agriculture, mining, fishing, and more.
3. Caribbean Region: This region borders the Caribbean Sea and is home to many rivers. The historic port cities of Santa Maria and Cartagena are found in this region, and although the region is relatively humid, it also includes a mountain range and a desert.
4. Amazon Region: Found in southern Colombia and is mostly covered in tropical rainforests or jungle, which is part of the Amazon Rainforest.
5. Orinoco Region: This region is sparsely populated. It is rich in oil and suitable for ranching. The ecosystems are tropical savanna with gallery forests (forests that look like corridors along rivers that project onto deserts or savannas).
6. Insular Region: This region includes islands just off the coast of Colombia, as well as coastal islands off the mainland. The ecosystem is mostly tropical rainforest.
Economy of Colombia
- Major industries in Colombia include petroleum, natural gas, manufacturing, and mining materials such as coal, gold, copper, emeralds, and many more.
- Colombia has one of the largest shipbuilding industries in the world.
- The country also has the fastest growing information technology industry in the world.
- Colombia has seen a surge in the number of tourists it brings in each year, and this number continues to grow each year.
- In recent years, there has been a push by the government to export more Colombian music, art, and pop culture, including more video games, TV shows, movies, fashion, and music. This is because the government is trying to diversify the economy and change the image of Colombia.
- Since Colombia is so geographically rich and diverse, eco-tourism is a major contributor to the tourism sector, as there is an abundance of jungles, coastline, volcanoes, and mountains for tourists to visit and explore.
- Colombia exports bananas, coffee, coal and petroleum, and imports items such as industrial equipment, chemicals, and electricity.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Colombia Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the beautiful country of Columbia. Did you know? Colombia is one of the world’s largest consumers of fruit juices; it is said that stands selling juice are found throughout Colombia. Learn more interesting facts about Columbia from these worksheets.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Colombia Facts.
- Historical Timeline.
- Colombian Cuisine.
- Map of Colombian Regions.
- Colombia Crossword.
- Festivals and Celebrations.
- Coffee Culture.
- True or False?
- The Amazon Rainforest.
- Colombia Wordsearch.
- Violence in Colombia.
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Link will appear as Colombia Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 2, 2017
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