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Saskatchewan is a Canadian province that borders the United States to the south. Grassland covers its southern plains, and to the north are the rugged rock of the Canadian Shield plateau, coniferous forests, rivers and lakes. Regina, the provincial capital, is home to the Royal Saskatchewan Museum, with exhibits on natural history and the people of Canada’s First Nations.
See the fact file below for more information on the Saskatchewan or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Saskatchewan worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORY OF SASKATCHEWAN
- Saskatchewan is one of Canada’s ten provinces, and is located in the western part of the country.
- Historically, Athapaskans, Dene, or Chipewyan First Nations groups lived in the area, and were caribou hunters.
- Prairie buffalo hunters dominated the area of southern Saskatchewan and were mainly Siouan, Nakota, or Sioux.
- Fur trappers, buffalo hunters, and traders made up the majority of the area’s population until the second half of the 19th century; many of these were First Nations or Metis (children of Indigenous women and fur traders in the Red River area of Manitoba).
- Samuel Hearne, an English explorer, fur trader, and naturalist, is credited as being one of the first explorers to make contact with the Dene people.
- In May of 1670, the English declared sovereignty over the lands that surrounded the Hudson Bay watershed, which became owned by the Hudson’s Bay Company.
- The first trading post was set up in 1774, called Cumberland House.
- By 1870, when Manitoba was established (the province east to Saskatchewan), many Metis peoples who lived there were upset and decided to move west into Saskatchewan.
- In the later part of the 1870s, appeals were made by Metis people to have better representation in government; they also called for Louis Riel (founder of the province of Manitoba, and leader of the Metis people) to return to Canada.
- A provisional government was put in place for Saskatchewan on March 19, 1885, which helped the Metis and other marginalized groups transition from the pre-existing government structure to the ones proposed.
- By 1905, Saskatchewan became a full member of the Canadian federation.
SASKATCHEWAN IN THE 20th CENTURY AND BEYOND
- Saskatchewan saw the heaviest immigration take place during the early part of the 20th century, when the population grew from just over 90,000 in 1901 to roughly 757,000 in a span of 20 years.
- The heavy immigration was likely due to a few factors, including the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, the Hudson’s Bay Company, and the Dominion Lands Act of 1872, allowing settlers to have ¼ square mile of land.
- Immigrants from France, Ukraine, and Germany are popular, and these groups settled into their own communities within the province.
- By the early 21st century, after Canada introduced its point system for vetting immigrants into the country, 15% of Saskatchewan’s population were Metis and First Nations.
- Saskatchewan took part in the First World War, and gave women the right to vote during that time, in 1916.
GEOGRAPHY OF SASKATCHEWAN
- Saskatchewan is nestled between the provinces of Manitoba (east) and Alberta (west); it is known as a prairie province; it also lies south of the Northwest Territories.
- The northern third of the province is covered by the Canadian Shield, with the bottom two-thirds being plains lands.
- The Cypress Hills, a geographical region in Saskatchewan, is located in the southwestern corner of the province; this is where Saskatchewan’s highest point is located.
- There are 14 drainage basins that drain into the Arctic Ocean, Hudson Bay, and the Gulf of Mexico.
- Saskatchewan is prone to drought and is the most likely place in Canada for tornadoes to occur.
GEOGRAPHY AND CULTURE OF SASKATCHEWAN
- Saskatchewan receives more hours of sunshine than any other Canadian province, and it is far away from a major body of water, since the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans border the east and west coast of Canada, and Saskatchewan is in the middle.
- Native flora in Saskatchewan includes algae, lichens, moss, and several types of fungi.
- Some animals you are likely to see in the province include white-tailed deer, prairie dogs, caribou, the American black bear, red fox, the sharp-tailed grouse, and the burrowing owl, as well as leopard frogs, painted turtles, and an abundance of fish that live in the streams and ponds.
- The economy of Saskatchewan is largely tied to agriculture, and it is even referred to as the “Breadbasket of Canada”.
- Mining is also a major industry in Saskatchewan, as it is the world leader in exports of potash and uranium.
- Forestry and oil and natural gas production are also a big part of their economy.
- There are plenty of museums and Indigenous cultural centres across the province.
- Much of the architecture in Saskatchewan are historic and heritage sites, including missionary churches, rail stations, and hotels.
- Various forms of art depicting early explorers, buffalo, and Indigenous groups dominate the art scene in Saskatchewan.
- Curling is the official sport in Saskatchewan.
- Saskatchewan is home to several music and culture festivals each year, honoring various ethnic and cultural groups.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Saskatchewan across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Saskatchewan worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Saskatchewan which is a Canadian province that borders the United States to the south. Grassland covers its southern plains, and to the north are the rugged rock of the Canadian Shield plateau, coniferous forests, rivers and lakes. Regina, the provincial capital, is home to the Royal Saskatchewan Museum, with exhibits on natural history and the people of Canada’s First Nations.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- The Battle of Batoche
- Word Hunt
- The Cypress Hills
- Saskatchewan Crossword
- Historical Connections
- The North-West Rebellion
- Map of Saskatchewan
- Saskatchewan Wordsearch
- Fact Finders
- Postcard from Saskatchewan
Link/cite this page
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Link will appear as Saskatchewan Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 6, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.