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Venezuela, officially known as the “Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela”, is a country located at the northern end of South America. It is bounded by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the southwest and west. The national capital, Caracas, is Venezuela’s primary centre of industry, commerce, education, and tourism. Venezuela has many natural resources that have helped it develop its popularity as a tourist destination in recent years.
See the fact file below for more information on the Venezuela or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Venezuela worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Human habitation of Venezuela is estimated to have commenced at least 15,000 years ago.
- In 1498, Christopher Columbus landed and named it “Land of Grace”.
- Spain’s colonization of mainland Venezuela started in 1522, establishing its first permanent South American settlement in what is now Cumaná.
- Tamanaco, a native Venezuelan chief who resisted Spanish incursions, was ordered to be put to death by the founder of Caracas, Diego de Losada.
- In the late 1700s, Venezuelans began to want independence from Spain.
- The Venezuelan War of Independence began on July 5, 1811 when Francisco de Miranda, a Venezuelan marshal, declared independence.
- Sovereignty was only achieved after Simón Bolívar, known as El Libertador (“The Liberator”), aided by José Antonio Páez and Antonio José de Sucre, won the Battle of Carabobo on June 24, 1821. They established Gran Colombia, which comprises Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador.
- José Antonio Páez led a rebellion in 1830 that allowed the proclamation of a newly independent Venezuela and he became the first president of the new republic.
Flag of Venezuela
- Venezuela’s flag is tri-colored. It has three even stripes, yellow, blue, and red, with a half circle of stars in the middle of the blue stripe. It has the National Coat of Arms on the upper hoist-side.
- The yellow stands for land wealth, the blue symbolizes the sea that separates Venezuela from Spain, and the red represents the blood shed by the heroes of independence.
- The Venezuelan independence leader Francisco de Miranda designed the basic tricolor flag in 1806.
People and Culture
- The current population of Venezuela is 32,533,845 as of Monday, November 19, 2018, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
- The country’s official language is Spanish.
- It does not have an official religion like most other South American nations, but the majority of the country follows the Roman Catholic religion.
- Venezuela’s official currency is the Bolivar fuerte (VEF).
- Their national anthem or song is Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (Glory to the Brave Nation).
- Baseball is the most popular sport to play and watch in the country.
- The economy of Venezuela is heavily dependent on the petroleum sector, which accounts for half the government’s revenue.
- In addition to having one of the largest oil reserves, the country also has one of the largest natural gas reserves in the entire world.
Politics and Government
- Venezuela is a federal presidential republic.
- The chief executive is the President of Venezuela who is both head of state and head of government.
- Executive power is exercised by the President. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly where its members serve 5-year terms.
- The president is elected by popular vote for a six-year term with a two consecutive term limit. The Council of Ministers is appointed by the president.
- Since their current constitution came into power in 1999, they had Hugo Chávez as the President until he died on 5 March 2013.
- The position was succeeded by Nicolás Maduro (initially as interim President, before narrowly winning the Venezuelan presidential election in 2013).
- Venezuela has more Miss Universes than any other country.
- The most popular sport in the country is baseball.
- The Joropo is the national dance of the country and is performed during national holidays and festivals.
- One of the largest national parks in the world is Canaima National Park which is located in Venezuela.
- The world’s highest waterfall is the Angel Falls, located in Venezuela. It is over 3,000 feet tall.
- The Red Devils of Yare festival is held each year in Venezuela. Beautiful costumed red devils play out a traditional battle on Corpus Christi Day. The battle always ends with virtue winning over the devils, which signifies Christianity’s win over Satan.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Venezuela across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Venezuela worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Venezuela, officially known as the “Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela”, which is a country located at the northern end of South America. It is bounded by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the southwest and west. The national capital, Caracas, is Venezuela’s primary centre of industry, commerce, education, and tourism. Venezuela has many natural resources that have helped it develop its popularity as a tourist destination in recent years.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Venezuela Facts
- Venezuelan Flag
- Thumbs Up!
- Bring the Past
- View Profile
- Amazing Country
- Own Unique Culture
- Bridging the Gap
- My Kind of Festival
- The Ws
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Link will appear as Venezuela Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 26, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.