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The Civil Rights Act of 1964 enabled the federal government to prevent racial discrimination and segregation based on race, color, religion or national origin in a number of areas including private businesses and public facilities.
See the fact file below for more interesting Civil Rights Act facts or alternatively, you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- The law gave the federal government more power to create lawsuits to force school desegregation.
- It established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and also prohibited discrimination by private employers based on the sex of a person.
- On June 11, 1963, President John F. Kennedy gave a speech calling for a civil rights law that would give all Americans the right to be served in facilities that are open to the public and would offer greater protection of the right to vote.
- President Kennedy began to work with Congress to create a new civil rights bill.
- Kennedy was however assassinated on November 22, 1963. He was replaced by President Lyndon Johnson.
- President Johnson also wanted a new civil rights bill to be passed and made it one of his top priorities.
- After passing the bill through the House and the Senate, President Johnson signed the bill into law on July 2, 1964.
- Eighty percent of Republicans in the House voted in favor of the law.
- The same thing occurred in the Senate when 82% of Republicans voted in favor versus 69% of Democrats.
- The Equal Pay Act of 1963 stated that men and women should be paid the same amount of money for doing the same job.
- Most voting requirements beyond age and citizenship were eliminated by the Voting Rights Act.
- Martin Luther King Jr. attended the official signing-in of the law by President Johnson.
Main Points Of The Law:
- The law was divided into 11 sections called Titles.
- Title I – The voting requirements must be the same for all people.
- Title II – Discrimination is illegal in all public places such as hotels, restaurants and theatres.
- Title III – Access to public facilities cannot be denied based on race, religion or national origin.
- Title IV – Public schools can no longer be segregated.
- Title V – More power is given to the Civil Rights Commission.
- Title VI – Discrimination by government agencies is illegal.
- Title VII – Discrimination by employers based on race, gender, religion or national origin is illegal.
- Title VIII – Voter data and registration information must be provided to the government.
- Title IX – Civil rights lawsuits are allowed to be moved from local courts to federal courts.
- Title X – The Community Relations Service was established.
- Title XI – Miscellaneous.
- A year after the Civil Rights Act was signed into law, another law called the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed.
- This law was meant to ensure that the right to vote was not denied to any person based on their race.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Civil Rights Act of 1964 worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about The Civil Rights Act of 1964 whcih enabled the federal government to prevent racial discrimination and segregation based on race, color, religion or national origin in a number of areas including private businesses and public facilities.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Facts
- Fill in the Blanks
- Before and After
- Title III
- Main Point
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.