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Table of Contents
María Eva Duarte de Perón was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón and first lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.
See the fact file below for more information on the Eva Peron or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Eva Peron worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY LIFE and CAREER
- Eva Perón was born May 7, 1919, in Los Toldos, Argentina. She was the youngest of five children of unmarried parents Juana Ibarguren and Juan Duarte.
- Eva’s father abandoned her family and until his death so she grew up in relative poverty. At 15, her family moved to to Junín, a city in the province of Buenos Aires, in 1930, to pursue a career as an actress.
- There, she found work with theater companies. Perón landed her professional debut in the play Mrs. Perez (la Señora de Pérez), at the Comedias Theater in 1935.
- The following year, Eva toured with a theater company, worked as a model, and was cast in a few B-grade movie melodramas.
- In 1942, she was hired as co-host on the radio show Muy Bien.
- Later that year, a five-year contract with a radio show on Radio Belgrano earned her major financial success by voicing over historical characters such as Queen Elizabeth I of England, Henriette Rosine (Sarah) Bernhardt, and Alexandra Feodorovna, the last Tsarina of Russia.
- Although her film roles did not bring her great success, her other gigs eventually made her one of the highest paid radio actresses in the nation.
RISE IN POLITICS
- In 1943, she co-founded the Argentine Radio Syndicate, a starting point towards her involvement in politics.
- In January 1944, she met Colonel Juan Perón, who organized a gala event to fundraise for the earthquake victims. He was then the secretary of Labour and Social Welfare.
- They married in October, 1945 with her supporting Juan Peron’s presidential bid.
- In the 1946 Presidential elections, Juan Peron won the bid. As Argentina’s new first lady, Perón used her position to fight for causes she believed in, including women’s suffrage and. To begin with, she launched a campaign for women to vote. In 1947, suffrage for women was enacted and women were able to vote in the 1951 national election.
- Eva then supported the working classes by taking over Labor Ministry. She supported workers’ claims by awarding generous wage increases to the unions and cutting back fundings to some government subsidy programs.
- She also supervised the Ministry of Health, which built many new hospitals and established successful programs to eradicate diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, and leprosy.
- In 1947, she founded the María Eva Duarte de Perón Welfare Foundation to further reach out the poorer communities by distributing food, clothing, medicine, and money to needy people throughout Argentina, and even those suffering from disasters in other Latin American countries.
- In June 1951, Eva Peron was announced to run as the vice-president in the upcoming national election. While supported by the General Confederation of Labor, the military opposition and her failing health caused her to decline the nomination.
- Already suffering from cervical cancer, Eva died on July 26, 1952, at the age of 33. She was given a state funeral, typically reserved for heads of state.
- Before her death, the Argentine Congress christened her as the “Spiritual Leader of the Nation”.
- However, amidst the political chaos brought by her husband’s overthrow and exile, her remains were brought out with Peron in Italy. After several years, she finally rested in the Duarte family crypt in Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires.
- Eva remains an icon of women in Argentina and Latin America. People still honor the anniversary of her death.
- In her honor, Eva’s image was printed on 20 million Argentine 100-peso notes (2012), on Argentine coins, and a form of Argentine currency called “Evitas.”
- Fascinated with her life story, Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber wrote the hit musical Evita (1979), which was based on Perón’s life. Madonna later played as Eva Perón in the 1996 film version.
- In 2011, two giant murals of Evita were unveiled on the entrance of the current Ministry of Social Development.
Eva Peron Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Eva Peron across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Eva Peron worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about María Eva Duarte de Perón who was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón and first lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Eva Peron Facts
- Power Pairs
- The First Lady
- The President
- Argentine Legacies
- A Productive Life
- Don’t Cry for me, Argentina
- Women’s Suffrage
- Faces of Poverty
- Evita’s Words
- Great Women
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Link will appear as Eva Peron Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 19, 2021
Use With Any Curriculum
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