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James Madison, also known as the Father of the Constitution, was the 4th President of the United States (1809-1817). The victories in the so called Second War of Independence against the British made him popular for re-election. Prior to presidency, his Virginia Plan dominated the New Jersey Plan as the main blueprint of the US Constitution.
- James Madison was born on March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia. He was the oldest child of James Madison, Sr., who was a plantation owner, and Nelly Conway. In 1769, after homeschooling, he attended the College of New Jersey, now known as Princeton University. He was mentored by Reverend John Witherspoon after graduation.
- On September 15, 1794, he married Dolley Payne Todd. They were not blessed with children but he adopted Dolley’s child from previous marriage, John Payne.
- The young James was proficient in Latin and Hebrew. He authored 29 newspaper essays known as the Federalist Papers under the pen name “Publius”. The essays were meant to support the ratification of the Constitution.
- James Madison started his political career in 1776 when he became the representative of the Orange County to the Virginia Convention. He met Thomas Jefferson and together they founded the Democratic-Republican Party opposing John Adams and Alexander Hamilton’s Federalist Party.
- At the age of 29, he became the youngest delegate to the Continental Congress. By 1789, he was elected to the House of Representatives. He became the known as the Father of the Bill of Rights after the proposed amendments to the Constitution which was ratified in 1791. Prior to being Thomas Jefferson’s Secretary of State in 1801, Madison authored the Virginia Resolution in 1798 declaring the unconstitutionality of the Alien and Sedition Acts.
James Madison’s Presidency
- On March 4, 1809, Madison became the 4th President of the United States. He took his oath at the House Chamber in US Capitol.
- George Clinton (1809- 1912) and Elbridge Gerry (1813-1814) were his vice presidents.
- By 1810, President Madison ceased fire with Napoleon to end French attacks after the passage of Macon’s Bill number 2. The Bill was intended to lift the embargoes with the British and the French.
- In 1812, together with the “War Hawks” of the Congress, Madison declared war against Great Britain. The War of 1812 was due to the seizure of American cargo ships and crew along the Atlantic. By August of 1814, British troops attacked and burned the White House and the US Capitol in Washington D.C. The Battles of Baltimore and New Orleans in 1814 and 1815 were considered to be the Second War of Independence for the Americans. They ended the war on February 17, 1815 through the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent.
- After the war, the Federalist Party, whose members were mostly pro-Britain, was dissolved. In 1816, James co-founded the American Colonization Society which aimed to return freed African slaves to their continent.
Post-presidency and Death
- Before he retired from politics, Madison was a chosen delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention in 1829. He succeeded Thomas Jefferson as the rector of the University of Virginia.
- He died on June 28, 1836 at Montpelier estate, after suffering from mental health deterioration due to financial losses. By 1844, the Madisons’ mansion and plantation were sold along with their slaves. In 1865, Paul Jennings, one of Madison’s slaves, published a memoir recounting his former master as “one of the best men that ever lived.”
- In honor of President Madison, a famous square in New York was named after him. He appeared in the first printed gold certificate in 1878.
James Madison Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use James Madison worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about James Madison, also known as the Father of the Constitution, who was the 4th President of the United States (1809-1817). The victories in the so called Second War of Independence against the British made him popular for re-election.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- James Madison Facts
- The Father of the Constitution
- Madison Square
- Building a Glossary
- Other Founding Fathers
- Constitutional or Unconstitutional
- Virginia Plan v. New Jersey Plan
- President Acrostics
- Bill of Rights Case Study
- Photo Collage
- Enjoying My Rights
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Link will appear as James Madison Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 14, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.