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The New Jersey Plan, also known as the Small State Plan, was the counter proposal to the Virginia Plan. William Paterson, the former judge and governor of New Jersey, presented the plan at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787. Keep reading for the comprehensive on site fact file detailing the New Jersey Plan or download our entire worksheet bundle to teach in the home or classroom environment.
- After the two-week debate on the Virginia Plan presented by Edmund Randolph, Paterson, along with his supporters, presented the New Jersey Plan.
- The main aim of the Small State Plan was to have an equal representation of the states in Congress, regardless of population size.
- The Virginia Plan, also known as the Large State Plan, first proposed proportional representation leading to more delegates from more populated states.
- Both plans aimed to make amendments to the existing Articles of Confederation. The New Jersey Plan was supported by the states of New York, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Jersey. It proposed a unicameral legislature with one vote per state. Paterson and supporters wanted to reflect the equal representation of states, thus enabling equal power.
- The Paterson Plan was composed of eleven resolutions. Aside from the legislative structure and representation, it also added power and authority to the legislature for the imposition of tariffs on imported goods. The collection of taxes from the state’s free citizens and ⅗ of slaves was also included, along with the prosecution of offenders based on the place where the crime was committed.
- Both the Randolph and Paterson Plans presented the separation of powers by the three branches of government, namely; Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary.
- The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Plan, was the result of the differing proposals. Oliver Ellsworth and Roger Sherman were Connecticut delegates who ended the debate on representations.
- In general, the Virginia Plan was the basis of the Constitution. It also adapted some parts of the New Jersey Plan. The Congress was composed of two chambers: the upper and lower house. The House of Representatives would be based on proportional representation and the Senate with two equal representations.
New Jersey Plan Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use New Jersey Plan Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The New Jersey Plan, also known as the Small State Plan which was the counter proposal to the Virginia Plan. William Paterson, the former judge and governor of New Jersey, presented the plan at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- New Jersey Plan Facts
- Notable People
- Virginia Plan v. New Jersey Plan
- Pol Sci 101
- Small and Large States
- Concept Mapping
- All About New Jersey
- The Three Branches of Government
- The Great Compromise
- Constitutional Convention, 1787
- America Today
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Link will appear as New Jersey Plan Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 16, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.