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John Tyler was the 10th President of the United States (1841-1845) and was the first vice president to replace the incumbent president (William Henry Harrison) due to death. For more information on John Tyler read the fact file below or download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- John Tyler was born on March 29, 1790, in Charles City County, Virginia, to John Tyler, Sr. and Mary Armistead. His father, a close friend of Thomas Jefferson, was a former governor of Virginia from 1808 to 1811.
- Young John entered the preparatory level of the College of William and Mary at the age of 12, and then the collegiate level at the age of 15. By 1807, John had graduated from college and in the same year, he studied law with his father. He was admitted to the bar two years later and practiced law in Richmond for short while afterwards.
- On March 29, 1813, John married Letitia Christian with whom he had eight children. Julia Gardiner became his second wife on June 26, 1844 and they had seven children together.
- At the age of 21, John became a part of the Virginia House of Delegates. In 1816, he was elected to the U.S House of Representatives where he was a member until 1821. As a slave and plantation owner, John opposed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 as he believed that it would divide the slave population.
- He was re-elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1823 and remained until 1825. It was during his governorship in Virginia in 1826 that Thomas Jefferson died. In 1827, he resigned as the governor when he was elected to the U.S Senate, where he stayed until 1835. He later on joined the Whig Party of Clay, Calhoun, and Webster after leaving the Democratic-Republican Party.
- In 1840, after his vice presidential defeat in 1836, John won the position, along with William Henry Harrison as the president. It was a huge victory for the Whig Party, as they dominated both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
- President William Henry Harrison died of pneumonia 32 days after taking office, thus giving Tyler the remaining term of the deceased president.
John Tyler’s Presidency
- On April 6, 1841, John Tyler took his oath as the 10th President of the United States at Brown’s Hotel in Washington D.C. He took his oath in a hotel room after he insisted on serving the remaining term of the incumbent. The Constitution did not clearly state the clause on succession in case of incapacity or death of the President. It was resolved when Chief Justice Roger Taney and the Congress permitted the oath of office.
- The Whig Party expelled Tyler as a member, after he vetoed a bill resurrecting the Bank of the United States, and his pro-Whig Cabinet members resigned.
- In 1842, the Congress passed the raising of tariffs on imported goods after Tyler used his veto power. The angered Whigs in the U.S House of Representatives introduced the impeachment resolution on July 10, 1842, but it was later rejected in January of the following year.
- In 1842, President Tyler ended the Seminole War, which resulted in the admission of Florida as the 27th state on March 3, 1845.
- The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 by Secretary of State Daniel Webster, set the boundaries between the United States territory, Maine and British-controlled Canada.
- In 1844, the Treaty of Wanghia was negotiated by Tyler’s diplomats and it established commercial and consular relations with China.
- It was during John Tyler’s term that the annexation of Hawaii started, as he imposed the Monroe Doctrine, thus inhibiting British rule over the island.
- Tyler created his own Democratic-Republican Party, which was composed of his supporters. His pro-annexation stance on Texas became their rallying cry, with their slogan being “Tyler and Texas”. After facing opposition from the Congress, Tyler signed the law for the annexation of Texas on March 1, 1845. Texas was a former colony of Mexico who permitted the system of slavery.
- On Tyler’s last full day in office, the Congress overruled the president’s veto, marking the first time that the Congress took such an action.
Post-Presidency and Death
- In February, 1861, Tyler became the sponsor and chairman of the Virginia Peace Convention. Its purpose was to look for ways to prevent the separation of the northern and southern states (later known as the Civil War). Tyler’s suggestion was secession, but President Abraham Lincoln opposed it. Tyler became a delegate to the Provisional Confederate Congress and the Confederate House of Representatives, but became ill before the sessions started.
- He spent most of his retirement years on his plantation ‘Sherwood Forest’ in Charles City County, Virginia. Tyler had his last child at the age of 70.
- On January 18, 1862, Tyler died from a possible stroke in Richmond. His body was interred in the Hollywood Cemetery in Virginia, parallel to former President James Monroe’s tomb. The city of Tyler in Texas was named after him.
John Tyler Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use John Tyler Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about John Tyler who was the 10th President of the United States (1841-1845) and was the first vice president to replace the incumbent president (William Henry Harrison) due to death.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- John Tyler Facts
- “His Accidency”
- Virginian Presidents
- Tyler and Texas
- Political Timeline
- The Branches of Government
- The Civil War
- Foreign Policy Word Search
- The Tyler Administration
- Veto Power
- Past and Present
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