Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
Table of Contents
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is first prime minister of independent India, who established parliamentary government and became noted for his neutralist policies in foreign affairs.
See the fact file below for more information on the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
CHILDHOOD AND EARLY CAREER
- Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 in Allahabad, the son of Motilal Nehru, a lawyer whose family was originally from Kashmiri Brahmans.
- He was educated at home under private tutors. At the age of fifteen (1905), he went to England and after two years at Harrow, joined Cambridge University where he took his the final honors examination for a BA degree in Natural Sciences.
- He then studied law at the Inner Temple in London.
- As a student, Nehru took interest in political activities of the Indian student community, growing increasingly attracted to socialism and liberalism.
- Identifying with the Sinn Fein Movement in Ireland, he was inevitably drawn into the struggle for independence of India from Great Britain.
- Upon his return to India in 1912, Nehru practised law and soon attended the Bankipore Congress where he became Secretary of the Home Rule League, Allahabad.
- In 1916, he first met Mahatma Gandhi and felt immensely inspired by him. He also married Kamala Kaul and the following year they had a daughter, Indira.
- Three years later, Nehru joined the Indian National Congress which was fighting for greater autonomy from the British. He was heavily influenced by the organisation’s leader Mohandas Gandhi.
- During the 1920s and 1930s Nehru was repeatedly imprisoned by the British for civil disobedience in connection with the Non-Cooperation Movement. The British government became hot on his trail after he organised the first Kisan March in Pratapgarh District of Uttar Pradesh in 1920.
- In September 1923, Nehru was voted the General Secretary of All India Congress Committee. Three years later, was instrumental in committing the Congress to the goal of Independence from British reign.
- To further his cause, he toured Italy, Switzerland, England, Belgium, Germany and Russia in 1926.
- He was the official delegate in the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities in Brussels (Belgium) and the tenth anniversary celebrations of the October Socialist Revolution in Moscow in 1927.
- In 1928, while leading a procession against the Simon commission (British commission suggesting reforms in Indian administration system), he was lathi-charged in Lucknow.
- On the same year, he founded the ‘Independence for India League’, advocating complete severance of the British connection with India.
- On December 31, 1929 President Nehru hoisted the flag of independence before the public, leading to The Congress promulgating the Purna Swaraj (Complete Independence) declaration on January 26, 1930.
- Due to his actions, Nehru was imprisoned several times during 1930-35. This did not deter him to voice his opposition on India’s forced participation during World War II, the Muslim League’s insistence on the division of India on the basis of religion and the overall British control on his country.
- He was again arrested and imprisoned, this time with his colleagues to a maximum security prison at a fort in Ahmednagar on August, 1942 until June 1945.
- After his release, a presidential election was held and Nehru won the race after his rival, Vallabhbhai Patel, backed out.
- Despite his victory, he failed to unite the country as the opposition of the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, demanded a separate Muslim state of Pakistan.
- During his term as Prime Minister, the Indian Constitution was penned and adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26th, 1949, and became effective on January 26th, 1950. It was a proof of India’s independence.
- Under his leadership, the Election Commission of India was founded in accordance with the Constitution.
- The Indus Water Treaty (IWT) – a water distribution treaty was signed in 1960, between Jawaharlal Nehru and the then president of Pakistan, Ayub Khan.
- The Ministry of External Affairs was also formed to foreign policy through the weakening of Imperialism and the growth of Democracy and progress.
- He also led the building and/or development of important infrastructure projects such as the: The Bhakra-Nangal Dam, Bhilai Steel Plant, Bokaro Steel Limited, and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
- Witnessing the importance of education among his people, Nehru endeavoured to implement programs.
- Institutes for higher learning like the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) and National Institutes of Technology (NIT) were established.
- The “Five-year Plan” was also introduced under his leadership. The objective area: Economic Growth, Economic Equity and Social Justice, Full Employment, Economic Self-Reliance, Modernisation.
- Nehru’s government also attempted to develop India quickly by strengthening agrarian reform and rapid industrialisation programs.
- Nehru continued his primary goal of freeing India from all its colonists. The Portuguese colony of Goa, the last remaining foreign-controlled entity in India was eventually returned during the final years of his leadership.
- Nehru’s health began to decline in 1962 probably due to the ongoing Sino-Indian War and steady stress of life threats.
- He died in May 27, 1964 after a heart attack.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who is first prime minister of independent India, who established parliamentary government and became noted for his neutralist policies in foreign affairs.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Jawaharlal Nehru Facts
- India Towards Independence
- Prime Ministers of India
- Nehru’s Timeline
- The Old India
- Duties of the Prime Minister
- Five-Year Plan
- Commemorative Postcard
- Words from Experience
- Thinking like Nehru
- Culture Exchange
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 3, 2021
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.