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Nice is the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes department and the seventh-most populous urban area in France. Situated in the French Riviera, on the south-east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea and at the foot of the Alps, Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region after Marseille.
See the fact file below for more information on the Nice or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Nice worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Nice is pronounced in different ways. In French it’s pronounced Neess, in Italian it’s Nizza, in Greek it’s Νίκαια and Latin Nicaea.
- Nice’s airport serves as a gateway to the region.
- As of 2007, over 1,100,000 people lived in Nice.
- Covered by beautiful hills, Nice has a pleasant climate and is the leading resort city of the Côte d’Azur, or French Riviera.
- The city is on the Baie (bay) des Anges, 20 miles (32 km) from the Italian border.
- The city’s nickname is Nice la Belle (Nissa La Bella in Nicard) which means Nice the Beautiful and is also the title of the unofficial anthem of Nice, written by Menica Rondelly in 1912.
- The land on which today’s Nice is found includes Terra Amata, an archaeological site that displays evidence of very early use of fire 380,000 years ago.
- Nice was established in around 350 BC by Greek seafarers who had settled in Marseille. They named the colony Nikaia, evidently to commemorate a nearby victory (Nike in Greek).
- By 154 BC, the Greeks were followed by the Romans, who settled further uphill around what is now Cimiez, where there are still Roman ruins.
- In the 10th century, Nice was governed by the counts of Provence but turned to Amadeus VII of the House of Savoy in 1388.
- Nice was occupied several times by the French in the 18th and 19th centuries but didn’t definitively become part of France until 1860 when Napoleon III struck a deal (known as the treaty of Turin) with the House of Savoy.
- During the Victorian period, the English aristocracy and European royalty enjoyed Nice’s mild winter climate. Its relatively recent status as a French city, combined with its long-standing tradition of international visitors, gives Nice an Italian flair and an open, welcoming attitude towards travelers.
- Today Nice is the second-most visited city in France after Paris.
- Nice has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with characteristics of a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, enjoying mild winters with moderate rainfall. It is one of the warmest Mediterranean climates for its latitude.
- Summers are warm to hot, dry, and sunny. Rainfall is rare in this season, and a typical July month only records one or two days with measurable rainfall.
- Nice lies on the Baie des Anges, 20 miles from the Italian border, and 425 miles from Paris. Nice is also a cove and has over 40 kilometers of beaches.
- The majority of Nice is coastal plain, but the entire city is surrounded by hills. There are also mountains: the Alps in the East, and the Pyrenees in the South. There is also a river, the Pallion River, which separates the old town from the new town.
- The city is only 27.77 square miles in size but is still the second-largest city in all of France.
- Nice is the seat of the Chambre de commerce et d’industrie Nice Côte d’Azur that manages the Nice Côte d’Azur Airport and the Cannes-Mandelieu Airport including the Port of Nice.
- Nice has two conference centres, the Palais des Congrès Acropolis and Palais des Congrès de Nice. It also has several business parks: l’ Arenas, Nice the Plain, Nice Méridia, Saint Isidore, and the Northern Forum.
- Sophia Antipolis is a technology park northwest of Antibes. Most of the park is in the commune of Valbonne. It was established between 1970 and 1984. It primarily houses computing, electronics, pharmacology, and biotechnology companies. Some higher learning institutions are also located here, along with the European headquarters of W3C.
- According to the estimates of INSEE, the population of Nice was 347,900 on January 1, 2005.
- The city saw a huge demographic rise in the second half of the 19th century, when the population more than doubled, mainly due to Italian immigration.
- At the beginning of the 20th century, this rise escalated with the arrival of internal immigrants from the County of Nice itself.
- In the 1970s, the number of inhabitants did not change significantly; the relatively high level of migration to Nice was compensated by a negative natural increase of the population. Nice has a high proportion of elderly people.
- Nowadays, the population of the city is continuously growing again, undoubtedly due to heliotropism.
PLACES TO VISIT
- Popularly known as “Babazouk,” the Vieille Ville begins in the picturesque Old Town of Nice, with its maze of narrow alleyways and cobblestone streets which have a lively ambiance reminiscent of Italy.
- The Promenade des Anglais is an attractive pedestrian area that follows the curve of the Baie des Anges beaches. This ancient seaside road is lined with palm trees and elegant gardens. The Promenade des Anglais was developed by Englishman Reverend Lewis Way in 1820 at his own expense. It was then called the “Chemin des Anglais”.
- The Parc de la Colline du Château (Castle Hill Park) is the site of Castle Hill, the first area of Nice to be inhabited by the Greeks two millennia ago. This wonderful place is a pleasant oasis of greenery, shady trees, and rushing waterfalls. Visitors can enjoy a leisurely stroll in the park and take in the spectacular views.
- Fontaine du Soleil is a verdant park-like area situated between the Avenue des Phocéens and the Avenue de Verdun.
- Fontaine du Soleil is a splendid fountain featuring a statue of Apollo, the Greek Sun God. The expansive gardens extend north as far as the busy Place Masséna.
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about the Nice across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Nice worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Nice which is the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes department and the seventh-most populous urban area in France. Situated in the French Riviera, on the south-east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea and at the foot of the Alps, Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region after Marseille.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Nice Facts
- Nice Headlines
- Brief Facts
- Significant Event
- Nice Beaches
- The Name Nice
- Nice La Belle
- Fill It In
- Nice Itinerary
- Poem for Nice
- Nice Poster
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Link will appear as Nice Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 25, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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