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Weather is the condition of the atmosphere. It is what happens in the sky; you can tell the weather by looking at the sky. Weather changes on a day-to-day basis. It includes wind, rain, lightning, hurricanes, hail, snow, and more. The sun’s energy and angle directly affect the air pressure and temperature in the sky which results in a change in weather.
See the fact file below for more information on the weather or alternatively, you can download our 27-page Weather worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
TYPES OF WEATHER
- Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a given place and time.
- Depending on sunshine, heat, cloudiness, wind, and rain, weather changes on a daily basis.
- Seasons and climate largely affect the weather.
- There are five types of weather: sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, and stormy.
- Sunny days are usually pleasant as most people like doing activities outdoors when the sun is up and shining.
- When there are no clouds in sight, the sun is able to shine through and keep the environment warm.
- Sunny days are not always warm. In fact, they can be cool too, depending on the time of year.
- When the weather’s cloudy, the rays of the sun are blocked from reaching the Earth’s surface.
- It can be warm on a cloudy day when the clouds trap in heat near the surface.
- A cloud is a huge mass of water vapor.
- Clouds are often associated with rain but cloudy days do not equate to rainy days.
- A rainy day occurs when the temperature drops and the water vapor in the cloud cools and forms raindrops.
- However, when warm air mass rises to the sky and cold air rushes to fill the gap, expect to have a windy day.
- Wind gusts form when air is pushed into smaller spaces of vacuum.
When there is a strong wind and heavy rain, the weather is stormy. A storm is sometimes accompanied by thunder and lightning.
- Thunder is a loud rumbling noise heard due to rapidly heated air expanding.
KEY PLAYERS AND FACTORS
- Weather is impacted by things we can’t see like wind, solar radiation, humidity, and air pressure.
- There is a blanket of air that surrounds the earth that is about 15 miles thick. This blanket is called the atmosphere.
- All of our weather happens in the bottom layer of the atmosphere, called the troposphere, which is six to ten miles thick.
- The sun and the moisture in the air work together to form clouds which make rain and thunderstorms. These weather conditions cause winds to blow. The wind blows because air has weight.
- The sun is the engine that drives the motion of water in our atmosphere.
- This movement of water is called the water cycle or the hydrologic cycle. It involves the ceaseless circulation of water in the atmosphere.
- The processes involved in the water cycle are evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, and runoff.
CAUSES OF WEATHER
- The primary cause of different types of weather is how air masses interact with each other.
- An air mass is a huge area of air that shares the same characteristics.
- The two main types of air mass are hot and cold.
- Hot air masses are areas of hot air that move in the same direction.
- Cold air masses are areas of cold air that move in the same direction.
- The area where two or more air masses meet is called a front.
- When cold air pushes under a warm air mass, a cold front happens.
- The warm air is pushed up above the cold air mass, which causes the warm air to cool and condense, resulting in a mild temperature and rainstorm.
- When a warm air mass moves over a cold air mass, a warm front happens.
- The warm air rises, creates clouds and condenses into light rain or snow.
- No one is exactly sure why lightning occurs, but scientists believe water droplets and ice particles bang together in the cloud, helping to build up positive and negative electrical charges.
- The electricity that flows produces a flash of electricity called lightning.
- Lightning heats the air that surrounds it, causing it to expand with an explosive force. That’s how the loud rumbling sound of thunder is produced.
- The air in the core of a lightning bolt is heated to as much as 54,000 degrees Fahrenheit. That is about six times hotter than the surface of the sun!
IMPACT OF WEATHER
- Weather affects people’s daily activities and decisions, but it has the biggest impact on people whose work largely depends on weather conditions.
- Pilots, construction workers, farmers, and bus drivers are all really affected by weather.
- People once looked to plants and animals for hints about the weather.
- Before it rains cows lie down, pine cones open up, frogs croak at a faster pace, ants form a line, and sheep’s wool uncurls. Before technology, folks also made forecasts by studying the clouds.
MEASURING THE WEATHER
- To measure temperature, a thermometer is usually used.
- To measure air pressure, a barometer is used.
- A rain gauge is used to measure precipitation, and an anemometer is used to measure wind speed. Satellites take pictures of clouds from space.
- Radar shows where and how much rain is falling, while computers import and export data for meteorologists to examine.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the weather across 27 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Weather worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the weather which is the condition of the atmosphere. It is what happens in the sky; you can tell the weather by looking at the sky. Weather changes on a day-to-day basis. It includes wind, rain, lightning, hurricanes, hail, snow, and more. The sun’s energy and angle directly affect the air pressure and temperature in the sky which results in a change in weather.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Weather Facts
- Types of Weather
- Today’s Weather
- Weather Wordsearch
- True or False?
- Vocabulary Match
- What to Wear or Bring
- Letter to a Friend
- Odd One Out
- Measuring Devices
- Songs to Sing
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Link will appear as Weather Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 3, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.