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Broad Peak is a Himalayan mountain on the border of Pakistan and China, the 12th highest mountain in the world at 8,047 metres (26,401 ft) above sea level. It was first ascended in June 1957 by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl on an Austrian expedition.
See the fact file below for more information on the Broad Peak or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Broad Peak worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
ETYMOLOGY AND HISTORY
- The literal translation of “Broad Peak” to Falchan Kangri is not used among the Balti people. The English name was introduced in 1892 by the British explorer Martin Conway, in reference to the similarly named Breithorn in the Alps.
- The first westerner who saw the peak was probably Lieutenant T.G. Montgomerie. He was surveying the mountains in the area and, in 1856, he spotted some extraordinary peaks, which he gave temporary names.
- He named Karakoram as K, plus a number for the peak: K1, K2, K3, etc. Montgomerie later found out K1 had a local name, Masherbrum.
- It is called Broad Peak because of its breadth at the top.
- It has also been called enormous triple-headed Breithorn (4165 meters high three-headed peak of European alps) of the Baltoro.
- In 1954, Dr. Karl M. Herrligkoffer of West Germany tried to climb it.
- His original objective, however, was to climb Gasherbrum I. He however, did not meet with success because of a storm and a very low temperature.
- Broad Peak, the 12th highest mountain in the world at 8,047 meters, is part of the Gasherbrum massif in Baltistan on the border of Pakistan and China. It is located in the Karakoram mountain range about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from K2. It has a summit over 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) long, thus “Broad Peak”.
- K2, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft) above sea level, is the second highest mountain in the world, after Mount Everest at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft).
- It is known as the Savage Mountain after George Bell, a climber on the 1953 American Expedition.
- The mountain has five summits: Broad Peak (8051 m), Rocky Summit (8028 m), Broad Peak Central (8011 m), Broad Peak North (7490 m), and Kharut Kangri (6942 m).
- If the snow are melting due to global warming, Broad Peak central might qualify as the 15th 8000m peak.
- The first ascent of Broad Peak was made between June 8 and 9, 1957 by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl of an Austrian expedition led by Marcus Schmuck.
- A first attempt by the team was made on May 29 where Fritz Wintersteller and Kurt Diemberger reached the forepeak (8,030 m).
- This attempt was also accomplished without the aid of supplemental oxygen, high altitude porters, or basecamp support.
- In July 2007, an Austrian mountaineering team climbed Broad Peak and retrieved the corpse of Markus Kronthaler, who had died on the mountain one year before, from over 8,000 metres.
- In 2008, Frenchwoman Élisabeth Revol made a solo ascent of Broad Peak, Gasherbrum I and Gasherbrum II within 16 days and without the aid of oxygen as her climbing partner Antoine Girard had fallen ill.
- In the winter and summer of 2009, there were no summits. There was one winter expedition by a Polish-Canadian team. In the summer there was one fatality, Cristina Castagna.
- In summer 2012, five members of “Koroška 8000” – Slovenian team (led by Gregor Lačen) summited the mountain (without supplementary oxygen and without high altitude porters). They tracked the way in deep snow from Camp 4 to the summit and opened the summit to seven more climbers from other expeditions. They all submitted on July 31, 2012.
- On March 5, 2013, Maciej Berbeka, Adam Bielecki, Tomasz Kowalski, and Artur Małek made the first winter ascent. Broad Peak was the twelfth Eight-thousander summited in wintertime and the tenth Eight-thousander first summited in winter by Polish climbers.
- During the descent, Maciej Berbeka and Tomasz Kowalski did not reach Camp 4 (at 7400 m) and were pronounced missing. On March 8, both climbers were declared dead and the expedition was ended.
DEATH AND DISASTER
- From the first ascent in 1957 to August 2003, Broad Peak was climbed 255 times and had 18 deaths. The fatality rate is therefore about 7%, which could be compared with, for example, Everest which has a death rate of 9%. It is one of the safer 8000m peaks, but the risk of avalanches should never be disregarded.
Broad Peak Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Broad Peak across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Broad Peak worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Broad Peak which is a Himalayan mountain on the border of Pakistan and China, the 12th highest mountain in the world at 8,047 metres (26,401 ft) above sea level. It was first ascended in June 1957 by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl on an Austrian expedition.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Broad Peak Facts
- Broad Peak Timeline
- Info Complete
- Good or Trash
- Four Facts
- Five Summits
- Mountain Poem
- They Made It!
- Check the List
- Around the World
- Research Type
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Link will appear as Broad Peak Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 24, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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