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Table of Contents
In 1955, when West Germany was added as a NATO member, it allowed for remilitarization, which was viewed as a threat by the Soviets. In response, the Soviet Union along with its satellite states created the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance officially known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance.
See the fact file below for more information on the Warsaw Pact or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Warsaw Pact worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
POST-WORLD WAR II TENSIONS
- On March 12, 1947, President Truman announced the containment policy, which would prevent a communist takeover of Greece, Turkey, and other European countries that might be affected by the domino theory.
- Truman’s speech became the official declaration of the Cold War between the U.S. and the USSR.
- In order to realize Truman’s vision of stabilizing the European economy after WWII and to halt the spread of communism, U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall proposed economic aid worth $140 billion. The plan was called the Marshall Plan. Many European nations accepted the aid for economic recovery and stability, but Soviet satellite states were forbidden from accepting it.
- In order to control Soviet satellite states, Stalin imposed collectivization of agriculture and rigid communist control across all industry. Trading had to go through the Cominform or Communist Information Bureau and its members. In January, 1949, the Molotov Plan aimed to provide aid to Soviet satellite states accompanied by Comecon or Council of Mutual Economic Assistance, an agency meant to coordinate economic policies.
- On April 4, 1949, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was implemented by the U.S., Canada, and ten European nations. The organization was established to secure the freedom of countries as founded in the idea of democracy.
- British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin was the man behind the idea of creating NATO. Initially, the Western Union was formed in March, 1948, and was comprised of Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
- In 1950, Dwight D. Eisenhower became the Supreme Commander of NATO as appointed by President Harry S. Truman. Some scholars believe that the creation of NATO featured among the tensions that heightened the Cold War as NATO members prematurely reacted to possible Soviet aggression.
- In 1950, the attack of North Korea on the South intensified Communist aggression orchestrated by the Soviets. As a result, NATO members strengthened their guard over Europe.
THE WARSAW PACT
- In response to West Germany being part of NATO in 1955, the Soviet Union and its satellite states created the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance officially known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance.
- The Warsaw Pact was directly governed by Moscow, which sought to exercise tighter control over satellite states. Its main focus was to establish a coordinated defense among its members and enhance its military capability to deter any internal and external attacks.
- Members included the Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, and Bulgaria.
- In 1962, Albania was expelled in the treaty after believing the Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev was deviating to the traditional Communist ideology.
- In 1968, Warsaw Pact troops (except Albania and Romania) invaded Czechoslovakia through Operation Danube.
- Between 1990 and 1991, Poland and Czechoslovakia broke away as well with the rise of non-communist governments.
- Amidst being a counterpart of NATO, the two never had a direct conflict. Instead, proxy wars were fought between the Soviet Union and the United States during the Korean and Vietnam War.
- In July, 1991, at a conference in Prague, the Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved.
Warsaw Pact Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Warsaw Pact across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Warsaw Pact worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the events during 1955 when West Germany was added as a NATO member, it allowed for remilitarization, which was viewed as a threat by the Soviets. In response, the Soviet Union along with its satellite states created the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance officially known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Cold War: Warsaw Pact
- Mapping Members
- NATO v. Warsaw Pact
- Leading to the Warsaw Pact
- Cold War, Cold Facts
- Behind the Pact
- Pact Facts
- Truth About Warsaw
- Cold War, Cold Terms
- USSR No More
- The End of the Pact and the Cold War
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Link will appear as Warsaw Pact Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 4, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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