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The Battle of Britain was an air battle that took place between Great Britain and Germany during World War II. Once Hitler had conquered the majority of Europe, he went after Great Britain, but realized that he needed to defeat the Royal Air Force (RAF) first. For more information on Battle Of Britain read the fact file below or download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- The Battle of Britain began on July 10th, 1940.
- It is known as the first major battle to have taken place using only air forces.
- Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister at the time, was the one who gave the battle the name “The Battle of Britain”.
- The Battle of Britain happened when the Germans bombed Great Britain to try and obliterate Great Britain’s Royal Air Force (RAF).
- The German air force was called the Luftwaffe.
- Germany thought that once they had destroyed the RAF, they would be able to invade Great Britain by land.
- The name for Hitler’s plan to destroy the RAF and invade Great Britain by land was called “Operation Sea lion”.
- Germany thought that it would be easier to invade Great Britain without the threat of the RAF shooting at and sinking their ships.
- The Luftwaffe had a nearly 4:1 advantage over the RAF in aircraft, so Germany thought it would be easy to destroy the RAF quickly.
- About 1,000 British planes and 1,800 German planes were shot down during the battle.
- The leader of the RAF was Sir Hugh Dowding, and the leader of the Luftwaffe was Herman Goering.
- From July to October 1940, the Luftwaffe bombed British airfields, radar stations, and aircraft factories.
- Radar stations were important during the Battle of Britain because they helped the RAF to figure out where Luftwaffe planes were, and where their flight path was likely to take them.
- The RAF marked the paths taken by the Luftwaffe by moving around colored objects that represented the planes that were flying around.
- The main German attacks against the RAF were code named “Eagle Attack”.
- The RAF and the Luftwaffe both used the most advanced aircraft available.
- The RAF used Spitfires and Hurricanes, which were faster than German planes. They could also fly away from the Luftwaffe’s planes easily.
- The Luftwaffe used the Messerschmitt BF 109.
- Winston Churchill described the Battle of Britain as “Britain’s finest hour”.
- Churchill referred to the airmen of the RAF who fought in the Battle of Britain as “The Few”.
- Churchill thought that Great Britain owed so much to “The Few” who fought.
- September 15th, 1940 was “Battle of Britain Day”.
- It was called this because this was the day that the Luftwaffe launched two huge attacks against the RAF.
- During the Battle of Britain Day, the Luftwaffe lost 60 aircraft, and the RAF only lost 26 aircraft.
- From this point on, the Germans realized that the RAF were a stronger and more capable opponent than they thought.
- Although there were more German pilots in the sky, the British had the advantages of flying over their homeland, defending their territory, and using radar to detect German planes and movement.
- Knowing when and where the German planes were gave the RAF an advantage because they could prepare their own flight path and get their planes in the air to help.
- On October 30th, 1940, the Battle of Britain ended.
- Hitler decided that it was too risky to continue attacking the British in the sky because the RAF was too strong and well-equipped.
- Hitler and the Germans decided it would be better to focus their efforts on bombing major cities in Great Britain, like London.
- The Battle of Britain was a turning point in the war because Germany had not lost a battle before they tried to invade Britain.
- The Battle of Britain showed the Germans that they would not be defeated easily.
- The subsequent bombing of British cities was referred to as the “Blitz”.
- The Blitz was Germany’s way of trying to get Great Britain to surrender the war.
- Germany continued to bomb London at night to try and secure victory.
- During the final days of the Blitz, Germany bombed London 57 nights in a row.
- Finally, Hitler decided to focus his efforts on bombing Russia to the East, so he stopped bombing London.
Battle Of Britain Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Battle Of Britain Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Battle of Britain which was an air battle that took place between Great Britain and Germany during World War II. Once Hitler had conquered the majority of Europe, he went after Great Britain, but realized that he needed to defeat the Royal Air Force (RAF) first.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Battle of Britain Facts
- Acrostic Poem
- Battle of Britain Wordsearch
- True or False?
- Diary Entry
- Fill in the Blanks
- Battle of Britain Crossword
- Map of Ideas
- Battle of Britain Poster
- Remembering the Battle of Britain
- Battle of Britain Unscrambling
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Link will appear as Battle of Britain Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 14, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.