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‘Red Scare’ was the widespread propaganda of a state against the potential rise of communism or leftism in a certain country. It was done through various government programs and even used mass media to promote it to the public.
Red Scare was greatly felt in the United States after the First World War and during its involvement in the Cold War against the Soviet Union. Red signifies the color of communism and which was reflected on the flag of the Soviet Union. See the fact file below for more information on the Red Scare or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
First Red Scare
- When World War I ended, America feared the communist after they had overthrown Czar Nicholas and his royal family in Russia.
- The White Russians as well as some of its allies, such as the United States, were not successful in restoring Czar Nicholas and ousting the communist reds.
- In the United States, the threat of communism was felt after some laborers were demanding increase in wages as shown in labor strikes.
- Organized labor strikes included the Seattle General Strike and the Boston Police Strike. There were also several bombing campaigns directed at politicians and business leaders (e.g. 1919 mail bombs).
- In 1919, a group of radicals formed the Communist Labor Party.
- A. Mitchell Palmer, president Wilson’s Attorney General, conducted several raids on the people who adheres communism between 1919-1920.
- Palmer even deported 249 Russian immigrants via the “Soviet Ark” back to Russia.
- Due to Palmer, the Federal Bureau of Investigation was created with J. Edgar hoover as its leader.
- Federal agents conducted arrest without search warrants and legal counseling.
- Several politicians were expelled from the government and 28 states banned public displays of red flags. Palmer believed that in a crisis like the Red Scare, civil liberties were less important.
- By 1920, the first Red Scare subsided.
- After World War II, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States became entangled in a political and economic clash which was known as the Cold War. These clashed was brought upon by the differences in their ideologies, the former being a socialist republic and the latter being a democratic and capitalist country.
- The war between the two countries raised a threat to the United States fearing that there might be actively working as Soviet spies in the federal government.
- President Harry S. Truman signed and issued Executive Order 9835 known as the ‘Federal Employees Loyalty Program’ on March 21, 1947. It mandated that all federal government employees be screened and reviewed to determine their loyalty to the federal government and how American they were.
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
- By 1983, the U.S. House of Representatives formed the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).
- The aim of the committee was to expose communists or leftist working or spies inside the federal government. Eventually, they also started to investigate the film industry for any films that might promote leftism as well as workers who adhere to the ideology.
- U.S. Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, a congressional investigator hailed from Wisconsin, was the most visible figure with the anti-communist campaigns. He was noted for using unfounded sources such as hearsays in accusing politicians, government employees, and even celebrities as leftists or supporters of communism.
- McCarthy became the namesake for ‘McCarthyism’ for his reckless decision making. He even asserted people who were against his political views by attacking their characters publicly.
- The Senate condemned his tactics in 1954.
Red Scare Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Red Scare Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the widespread propaganda that was greatly felt across the United States during the First World War.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Red Scare Facts
- Red Scare Word Search
- Is It True?
- Odd One Out
- Historical Ladder
- Picture Analysis
- Making a Decision
- Propaganda Poster Making
- My Point of View
- 4 Pictures, 2 Sentences
- Red Scare Acrostic
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Link will appear as Red Scare Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 24, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.