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Homer was an ancient Greek poet credited for writing Europe’s first known literature. His poems, The Iliad and The Odyssey, made him the greatest epic poet of classical antiquity.
See the fact file below for more information on Homer (Greek Poet) or alternatively, you can download our 22 page Homer worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Homer was born between the 8th and 9th century B.C., while others believe that he might have lived in the early 12th century. The birthplace of Homer is still uncertain. Iona, Smyrna and Chios are believed to be Homer’s home.
- Many speculations about Homer’s life were analyzed through his works, specifically The Iliad and The Odyssey.
- Scholars believe that he was blind. As a result, most of his busts and statues were carved with sightless eyes. In addition, he was depicted with thick curly hair and beard.
- Homer was portrayed as an influential leader in Plato’s the Republic. In addition, Aristotle described him as a unique poet of his time in his work, Poetic.
The Iliad and The Odyssey
- The epic poem, The Iliad, narrated the chaotic events in the city of Ilion during the Trojan War. It specifically depicted the last year of war fought between the Trojans and the Greeks. The war was caused by Paris’ kidnapping of Helen. Paris was the son of Priam, King of Troy, while Helen, wife of Menelaus, and was labeled as “the face that launched a thousand ships.”
- The Trojans were led by Priam, Hector (brother of Paris who was killed by Achilles), Andromache (Hector’s wife), and Paris. The Greeks were composed of Achilles (greatest warrior in the world), Agamemnon (brother of Menelaus), Menelaus (king of Sparta), Odysseus (king of Ithaca), Aias the Great, also known as Ajax (second greatest warrior).
- Several gods and goddesses also played key roles in Homer’s The Iliad, including Zeus, Hera, Athena, Poseidon, Apollo, Ares and Aphrodite. The Iliad has 15,693 lines.
- The Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus and his journey after the end of the Trojan War. He and his men encountered several adventures. They met people on the island of Lotus-eaters, who made his men forget after eating a plant. Their next journey was meeting Polyphemus, one of the Cyclops, who captured them in a cave. Next was their arrival on the island of Aeolus, the god of winds.
- Odysseus and his men also encountered Scylla and Charybdis. Scylla was a monster with six heads and 12 tentacles, while Charybdis was a whirlpool they narrowly escaped.
- In the end, all men died along with their sunken ships, only Odysseus lived and landed on the island of Calypso. For seven years, he was held captive by the nymph. It was only at
- Athena’s request to set him free from Calypso’s obsession that finally, after twenty years of adventure, Odysseus went home to his wife.
- Scholars believed that Homer’s works were some of the oldest. He was mentioned by classical Greek philosophers like Plato and Aristotle. His The Iliad and The Odyssey became influential to next generation poets including Dante, Miguel de Cervantes, Joseph Conrad, James Joyce, and L. Frank Baum.
- In addition to The Iliad and The Odyssey, much of Homer’s work was in a form of speeches. He also wrote a book of poems called Epic Cycle that tells tales of the Trojan War. In addition, he was credited for his Homeric Hymns that were composed of Hundreds of lines.
- It is believed that most of Homer’s works were passed to the next generation through oral tradition.
- His death date is also unknown, and biographers believe that he might have died on the island Ios.
Homer (Greek Poet) Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Greek poet Homer across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Homer worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Homer who was an ancient Greek poet credited for writing Europe’s first known literature. His poems, The Iliad and The Odyssey, made him the greatest epic poet of classical antiquity.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Homer Facts
- Mysterious Homer
- Ancient Greek Poets
- Greek Mythology
- Famous Characters
- Mapping Ancient Greece
- The Odyssey
- Future of Poetry
- Letters for Homer
- In Voice Poetry
- Greece Today!
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Link will appear as Homer (Greek Poet) Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 22, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.