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Lou Hoover was an American philanthropist who was the First Lady of the United States from 1929 to 1933. She was the wife of Herbert Hoover, the 31st President of the United States. She made history by being the first First Lady to deliver speeches on national radio on a regular basis.
See the fact file below for more information on the Lou Hoover or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Lou Hoover worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
- Lou Hoover was born Lou Henry on March 29, 1874, in Waterloo, Iowa. She was born to Charles Delano and Florence Ida Henry.
- Her ancestry is English and Irish.
- At ten years old, she moved to California with her family.
- Lou Henry grew up very athletic and active in the outdoors.
- She often went on camping trips with her father when she was young.
- She enjoyed these trips as well as riding on horseback, hunting, fishing, and hiking.
- She studied in public schools and later attended the Los Angeles Normal School.
- For a short time from 1893 to 1894, she worked as a clerk in a bank.
- She transferred to San Jose Normal School, where she graduated with a teaching credential in 1893.
- Instead of continuing on a teaching path in her career, she attended Stanford University, where she graduated in 1898 with a bachelor’s degree in Geology.
- She was the only female geology major in the University at the time.
- She was also very athletic. She was active in the Archery and Basketball Clubs in the university.
MARRIAGE TO HERBERT HOOVER
- It was in Stanford University where Lou met Herbert Hoover.
- Herbert Hoover was a senior when Lou enrolled in Stanford so he graduated earlier than her.
- After Herbert Hoover graduated in June 1895, he had gone to work as an engineer in Australia.
- As a couple, they mutually decided to postpone wedding plans because of Herbert’s job and Lou’s education.
- Shortly after Lou graduated from Stanford, Herbert Hoover cabled a marriage proposal, which was immediately accepted by Lou.
- The couple were married on February 10, 1899 in a civil ceremony held in the home of Lou’s parents in Monterey, California.
- The next day, they sailed to Shanghai, China for their honeymoon.
- They settled in China from April 1899 until August 1900. Lou studied Mandarin Chinese while they lived there.
- She also became a porcelain collector in China.
- Lou Hoover was a very supportive wife, traveling with Herbert as he traveled to remote areas for his job.
- When the Boxer Rebellion took place in 1900, the Hoovers were in in Tianjin, China.
- They moved to London in 1902, where Lou gave birth to two sons: Herbert Charles Hoover (1903) and Allan Henry Hoover (1907).
- She also knew how to speak Latin and worked with her husband in translating a 16th-century encyclopedia of mining originally written in Latin.
- During World War I, she became active in relief missions in London then in Washington, D.C.
- In 1917, her husband began to serve as head of the United States Food Administration.
- She became a leader in the Girl Scouts, a worldwide organization for girls, and the National Amateur Athletic Federation.
LOU AS FIRST LADY
- As First Lady, Lou Hoover was known as an excellent manager and great hostess.
- Because she studied Mandarin Chinese, she was the first First Lady to speak an Asian language.
- Ms. Hoover did not give interviews but she was the first First Lady to deliver formal speeches on national radio on a regular basis.
- She was praised for how she spoke so clearly and confidently on radio.
- She often talked about promoting volunteer work and the significant work being done in the Girl Scouts.
- She also took over restoration projects in the White House, particularly having new furniture made.
- Another key role she played in the White House was overseer of the construction and design of a presidential retreat in Madison County, Virginia, which became a precursor of Camp David, the current presidential retreat.
RETIREMENT AND DEATH
- In 1932, Herbert Hoover ran for reelection while the country was in the midst of the Great Depression. He lost to Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- In 1933, the Hoovers broke tradition by not holding an open house on New Year’s Day.
- Herbert and Lou Hoover spent their retirement years in their homes in Palo Alto, California and Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City.
- Lou suddenly died of a heart attack in January 1944, in New York.
- She was first buried Palo Alto then transferred to the site of Herbert Hoover’s presidential library in West Branch, Iowa.
Lou Hoover Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Lou Hoover across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Lou Hoover worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Lou Hoover who was an American philanthropist who was the First Lady of the United States from 1929 to 1933. She was the wife of Herbert Hoover, the 31st President of the United States. She made history by being the first First Lady to deliver speeches on national radio on a regular basis.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Lou Hoover Facts
- The Life of Lou
- In Correct Order
- Geology Major
- The Hoovers’ Travels
- President Hoover
- Pioneering First Lady
- Independent Girl
- Preceding First Ladies
- Succeeding First Ladies
- A Letter to Ms. Hoover
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Link will appear as Lou Hoover Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 31, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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